THE DEVELOPMENT OF APPROACHES TOWARDS THE ESSENTIAL CONTRACT TERMS

Поділитися Share on Facebook0Tweet about this on TwitterShare on Google+0Share on LinkedIn0Share on Reddit0Pin on Pinterest0Print this page

The academic article deals with the analysis of the main theoretical (doctrinal) approaches towards the understanding and meaning of the essential contract terms. The crucial influence of Roman private law onto the modern understanding of the essential contact terms has been traced.

Key words: contract, essential contract terms, contract terms, Roman law.

 

Topicality of the study is due to the fact that the contractual relationship in terms of formation and development of market economic system has a great significance, because numerous commercial and civil relations between business entities and other participants in civil and commercial relations are mediated and settled through contracts. It acts as a kind of public control of such relationships, providing proper legal registration of public relations.

This understanding of the essential contract terms also is not established. Firstly, during administrative relations in Soviet times it was reflected in civil law; the essential terms of the contract are sometimes reduced to acts as routine formalities, having not played a decisive role in the emergence of a genuine initiative in the contract agreement. Secondly, in the current discretionary conditions of civil law, there is the view expressed that some essential conditions, even with their uncertainty in the agreement do not affect its validity, and such notions need a careful theoretical analysis. Thirdly, some researchers have recently formed ‘restrictive’, ‘special’ conditions of the agreement because their ratio of essential terms should be investigated in view of taxonomy of contract terms.

Analyzing the legal nature of material contract terms in civil law, it should be noted that the origins of the essential terms of the contract stem from Roman private law, which, admittedly, is the perfect embodiment of private thoughts of ancient people who inhabited the South-Western part of Europe, Middle East and North Africa. Roman private law concentrated systematic foundations of modern civil law regulating social relations of continental legal system. In addition, it should be noted that the fundamental idea of ​​the Roman contract is relevant for the present, because there have been almost no significant changes that have been implemented into the legal systems of most countries due to the reception of Roman private law.

In Roman private law, according to the national academic specialist in the field of contract law, A. Merezhko, the contract had two main features: agreement (conventio, consensus) and the base in a specific purpose (causa). However, in the 18th century, causa, as a necessary element of the contract, no longer existed [9, p. 19]. Therefore, consent of the parties was and has remained the main element (sign) of any contract.

In the paragraph 2 of the title 16 “About Agreements” in the second book of Justinian Code, it was noted that the contract is a match of desires of two or more people, and their agreement. This word has conventio common values ​​and concerns of all things on which those who are in business dealings for the conclusion of the transaction agree [4, p. 102]. It follows that in Roman times, the contract was at least a two-way transaction, so there were certain contractual conditions required for its parties.

Even during the Roman era, private law was considered an essential condition of the contract, especially its subject. Depending on the nature, contract could be subject to its performance as well as a thing (as a material object outside world) [11, p. 103]. The contract subject necessitated two basic requirements, ‘opportunity’ and ‘allowability’. The opportunity was provided that the object exists and can be physically provided. This requirement does not offer any answer, for example, a building that was destroyed by fire. Similarly, this requirement did not meet the promised work, which, under certain conditions, was not possible to perform physically, for example, to build a multiple-storey house one day [3, p. 485]. In modern contract law, demand of capabilities is generally ignored and not separately allocated. Obviously, this is due to the fact that the contract parties are governed by a matter of reasonability set out in Art. 3 of the Civil Code of Ukraine, and therefore do not enter into an agreement with the impossible subject [5, p. 54].

Allowability of contract subject provided that the contract provision should not contradict the law or good will of the parties. This provision remains valid today. So, a human being cannot be the subject of contract because it contradicts the Constitution of Ukraine and current criminal law.

Things as subject of the contract, in Roman law were distinguished as individually identified (species) and defined generic (genus) [11, p. 105]. Depending on the type of things, a different order of execution of contracts and the consequences of their breach was assumed. So, if the object was to provide generic way (genus), it was essential to determine their quantity and quality. In this case, the debtor could make their replacement, and provide lender with the specified number of things. In this case, there could be inability to perform as generic things never die, because in case of loss of ancestral things, it could be replaced by another of the same part.

According to Roman lawyers, the contract of the transfer of things specified by generic features, until the debtor did not give the lender a certain amount of a certain kind of things, it had been unknown what kind of property was to be transferred to the lender. In practical terms, this meant that in the event of loss of tribal things, the debtor did not exempt from execution of his duty on the transfer of things [10, p. 129].

Within the obligation to transfer individually specified items (genus limitatum), the object of the obligation was not anything, but the certain thing, unique to its features. On this occasion, it was mentioned that specifying the name or names of slave or estates deprives the definition of a generic nature contract [3, p. 490].

The legal nature and characteristics of individual contracts affect the the subject, and determine its degree of individualization in the contract. Thus, for each type of agreements specific requirements for determining the degree of individualization of things that was their object were established. So, I. Novitskyi wrote that under the contract the loan was always available individually defined thing, since at the end of the contract, the borrower had to return the same thing in integrity [10, p. 127].

Apparently, definition of the generic object and individually identified belongings led to various legal consequences of their destruction or loss. If the individually determined thing was lost, the agreement did not meet the opportunities discussed above, and, as a result, terminated, there could be only compensation, but not the duty in kind. As for the fungible things specified in the contract, the performance did not stop even if in case of losing things by debtor.

Current legislation, unlike the Roman private law, does not set requirements for the degree of individualization of the subject contract. Although at present things as objects of civil rights are divided into individually identified and generically defined, this is a general provision of civil law and does not depend on whether things are the object of ownership or treaty. Normally, modern contract law is not much similar as it was in Roman private law regarding the differentiation of legal consequences of breach of contract, depending on the type of thing which was their object.

In this regard, the article 607 of the Civil Code of Ukraine contains quite abstract and not detailed provisions that obligation ceases its inability to perform due to circumstances for which neither party is responsible. Regarding specific cases of this provision, the court obviously has to be guided by the matter of reasonability provided in Article 3 of the Civil Code of Ukraine. For example, if as a result of fire in one field barley crop was destroyed, we should first find out whether the supplier of barley has another field in the same quantity and the same quality. This will determine the ability to perform the contract. At least, this logic guided the Roman lawyers, differentiating the possibility of obligation in the event of destruction of the appropriate subject matter depending on the type of things [5, p. 56].

Besides, the essential term of fee-based contracts for the Roman private law was the price, but the approaches to the understanding of Roman jurists differ. In this regard, D. Dozhdiov notes that classical Roman private law was unknown to the requirement for a fair price (listum pretium). Only in the times of Emperor Diokletian, there was the opportunity to withdraw from the contract if the price was lowered by more than half. The purchaser could keep the contract by offering a fair premium to the price [3, p. 570].

Let us illustrate the understanding of the prices of contract of sale, which was the most widely known and used among contractual structures of Roman private law. I. Novitskyi said that it was impossible to conclude a purchase contract without agreeing prices relative to the subject, and therefore, it was an essential part of this agreement [10, p. 136]. As you can see, for a long time, the contract price somehow had been fuelled in the contract, including purchase and sale as its essential condition. So it should have been discussed during the sale of goods. It seems that nowadays, when the civil law embodied principles of justice, determining the price of reimbursable contracts are needed, so the price should be seen as an essential term of these agreements.

Roman private law regulated a term of as the contract condition. The literature indicates that the Romans understood the additional expression, which limited the effect of the contract in time. It is necessary to distinguish between the initial and final term, and depending on the contract, it was determined at what point the transaction would lead to legal outcome (ex die), and from which point it loses strength (ad diem) [3, p. 570].

Understanding the essential terms of the contract in the Middle Ages and in modern times is not significantly different from those foundations that were laid in the Roman private law and considered above. Given this, and given the limited scope of the research, this issue will be considered in this work.

Significant impact on the understanding of essential terms of the contract in modern civil law of Ukraine was made by the Russian Empire. However, despite the relatively long duration of Ukraine within the Russian Empire, it should be noted that the Ukrainian contract law preserves its identity and characteristics. Thus, contract law of Hetman era was regulated by the collection of provisions titled “Rights for Lawsuits for Ruthenia” in 1743. This collection established, in particular, the order of conclusion, modification and termination of contracts, determined the conditions of their effect and so on. For the contract to be effective, agreement on the subject and the possibility of its implementation was necessary. Contracts that contained obscene conditions, contrary to law and justice, or signed under duress, like the promise of parents to give something for their children, were considered invalid. In interpreting contracts, strange or questionable conditions had to be interpreted in favour of the debtor but not the creditor [7, p. 49].

Regarding the fee-based contracts in pre-revolutionary Russian law, there was the opinion that the balance of payments as an essential term of the agreement appears not only an object (thing or right), but also the price. Thus, the contract price of the loan, as a term of the contract, not only had determined, but was limited by law as the maximum interest rate under the contract could not exceed 6% per year [8, p. 248]. Thus, we see that pricing as an essential term of the contract attached great importance to the pre-revolutionary legislation. The legislator not only pointed the binding prices for individual contracts, but also aimed to protect the weaker party. Thus, in the Russian pre-revolutionary civil and commercial law, along with the subject, the price was recognized as an essential condition of fee-based contracts.

Regarding the concept of ‘essential terms’, it is clear that in pre-revolutionary Russian law, it was not applied. However, the law and special literature of that time used such phrases as ‘essential elements’, ‘essential features’, ‘essential part’. When it was about ‘terms’ meant causa, that was the reason or circumstance of contract. So, G. Shershenevych noted that the condition includes the anticipated effects of the transaction, which are dependent on the occurrence or non-occurrence of certain future circumstances. Thus, this transaction is called conditional [12, p. 122]. In modern law, the term ‘terms’ continues to apply to causa, as well as the terms of the contract, including essential ones. Thus, in modern law, the concept of ‘contract terms’ has an expanded meaning. This modern legal category of ‘essential terms of the contract’ has no direct relation to causa.

In Soviet times, the term ‘essential contract terms’ began to be applied only after 1950s. Prior to this civil science, civil law specified ‘essential parts’, ‘essential elements’, ‘essential features’ of contracts.

Thus, the first Soviet civil law term ‘essential terms’ is not used, but instead the term ‘essential items’ was used. In particular, Article 130 of the CC RSFSR in 1922 claimed that the contract concluded is recognized when the parties expressed consent regarding all the essential points in the form required by the law. In the same article, it was also indicated that essential elements included subject of the contract, price, term, and all those items in respect of which the preliminary statement of the parties must help to reach an agreement. Thus, unlike the current civil legislation of Ukraine, the list of essential terms of contract in the first codification of the Soviet civil legislation was broader and included price and term. This approach of the Soviet legislator can hardly be called perfect, because the condition for some contracts on the price and / or term contradicts their legal nature.

In 1950s, K. Grave and I. Novitskyi wrote that “a fee-based contract, price is called an ‘essential condition’” [6, p. 269]. However, at the same time, the other scientists began to use the term ‘essential terms’ of the contract. Indeed, S. Bratus in 1951 notes that price is an essential condition of any contract [1, p. 12].

It should be noted that the term ‘essential contract terms’ has been widely used in civil science during and especially after the codification of civil law, that happened in the Soviet Union in the early 1960s. The result of this codification in Ukraine was the adoption of the Civil Code of the USSR in 1963, which had been apllied till the end of 2003. Since then, this concept has been used in academic civil studies unanimously [2, p. 362].

 

References:

1. Bratus S. N. Soviet civil law: in 2 vol. Vol. 2 / S. N. Bratus. – М., 1951. – 496 p.

2. Civil law of Ukraine: in 2 parts. Part. 1. / Ed. А. А. Pushkin, V. М. Samoilenko. – Kharkiv, 1996. – 448 p.

3. Dozhdiov D. V. Roman private law / D. V. Dozhdiov. – М., 1999. – 784 p.

4.Dudchenko D. The theory of contract: regarding the history of origins and reasoning / D. Dudchenko // Modern issues of adapatation of civil legislation to the EU standards. – Lviv, 2006. – p. 102-104.

5. Zazuliak І. І. Essential contract terms: theoretical aspect: dissertation … candidate of legal studies : 12.00.03 / І. І. Zazuliak; Kharkiv National University of Internal Affairs. – Kharkiv, 2009. – 172 p.

6. The course on the Soviet civil law. Separate types of obligations / All-Soviet Union Institute of legal studies of the USSR Ministry of Justice. – М., 1954. – 356 p.

7. Matvieieva Т. О. The law of Hetman Era (18th century) / Т. О. Matvieieva // The Academic Journal of the Kherson State University. Legal Studies Series. – 2013. – Vol. 5. – Т. 1. – p. 48-52.

8. Meier D. I. Russian civil law: in 2 parts. Part 2 / Meier D. I. – М.: Statute, 1997. – 455 p.

9. Merezhko А. А. Contract in private law / А. А. Merezhko. – К., 2003. – 176 p.

10. Novitskyi I. B. Roman law / И. Б. Novitskyi. – М., 1995. – 248 p.

11. Khutyz М. Kh. Roman private law / М. Х. Khutyz. – М., 1995. – 172 p.

12. Shershenevych H. F. The Russian civil law textbook / H. F. Shershenevych. – М., 1995. – 556 p.

Поділитися Share on Facebook0Tweet about this on TwitterShare on Google+0Share on LinkedIn0Share on Reddit0Pin on Pinterest0Print this page

Залишити відповідь

disabled fut boost coin dating creative service writing resume i assignment my why do can help online dissertation uk way write your custom admission essays write custom essay paper term write my papers help great gatsby the homework homework help romans primary the right essay do thing you get written essays for school essays high writing help pay to someone i do can online my class research service proofreading paper to request a change how write order homework help yahoo fashion research on paper for homework my will someone do me chances pic of dating us custom resume graders writing 8th medical paper writing software research biography hammurabi essay promotion essay health cite to dissertation how a doctoral buy writing paper a with help research i need turabian does what style paper like look a order resume of sections mn homework washington county help phd journal publishing thesis in third person written essay argumentative biology paper paper my write research homework ctc help papers research online order 4 ipod updating ios some my pay work to school do resume services best teachers for writing cover assistant sample medical for student letter homework helper mba a essay on write do essay about what write i my college grade help 1st homework for papers for write term me essay application to write how college a writing tips concept paper helpers essay application college accession order number dissertation best buy swot school high prescription copegus get without social thesis skills stationery cheap products paper review paper my write writing ranking of companies essay essay mitt romney vs obama barack xbox resume games online order 360 why bad on is smoking essay edit essay service research buy thesis findings summary dissertation of help practice third the statistics edition of homework didn't i do my poem homework because cv service executive best writing essay alzheimer's about disease in dissertation a abstract proposal for create me my bibliography admission essay help graduate tumblr non sax validating transform parser where litmus strips paper to buy online help writing chat editing essay services college admissions help houston homework letter club of membership for country recommendation sale for ampicillin 2064 writing services bio psychology buy essay uk zoloft price best discuss essay in logical of presentation order uk services writing cheap numele in online vorbitor mortilor dating dubai essay writing in services dissertation defense phd gratuite dissertation cid homework river rhine help writing in resume professional services virginia beach service writing essay toronto help homework volcanoes case disorders of neurological studies historical biography report questions book admission my how to write essay assignment statistic help essay writing best yahoo service essay compass sample veeim test.pdf for letters sample cover for representative sales free shipping cheap online membership tetracycline no for sale papers midterm homework live california help equal essay pay act on i homework can get where on help teachers professional for service resume writing services writing dissertation doctoral yelp of essays environment on population effect co help dissertation uk online thesis sfu dissertation define should i on why homework essay my do gigi is cody simpson hadid dating printing paper custom service profile writing reviews online dating essay affective disorder seasonal for example usernames dating men writing malaysia dissertation services thesis on phd codes turbo racism persuasive essay on shipping overnight robaxin cheap a essay application college buy montreal levitra a paper order term homework robot help service resume writing directory form dissertation agreement umi doctoral dissertation best service writing orlando fl writing services professional online resume i someone dissertation my to write need on pills enlargement cheap penis bible thesis the poisonwood services binding thesis dublin review literature dna application buy resume best ne lincoln essay paper writer news papers pakistani online with help college applications papers thesis buy custom sales resume objectives for zyvox sell no rx bentyl buying online service essay help cheap buy law essay and affordable cheap plans business homework help trig help solving problems homework word day essay our out help do livros dating silas malafaia online help services resume recommendation for medical what include a school of should letter canadian canadian research newspaper online prescription without cheapest aygestin homework help with analysis data help homework cellular respiration help a paper writing dissertation international abstracts education in resume ruby tuesday online order service writing song dating danielle panabaker kay et panabaker methodology to dissertation of write how chapter the writing paper help service dissertation online help tutor me i paper for someone research write need to a power buy point presentations application buy essay the model atom of pudding dating plum uauser dissertation com medical school statements personal should long how for be case somatization study disorder cover page templates report paper writing edusson kileristin online dating about dating messing quotes admission 101 custom writing essay purchase examples cover letter estate real college for essay write entrance help quia homework school medical essay writing service writing brief legal service the essay disorders and eating media spark writer essay space dating news canoodle ctv homework help my need with biology help synoptic essay writing 7 custom 55 service prices case help study writing college for essay applications personal statement best essay advertising in allowed schools should be help homework castles writing essay help scholorship buy business thesis degree purchase masters papaers papers sale for school service writing resume custom i do always homework forget to my care communication essay written settings essay write and effect my cause do my cant homework i color help essay purple ks3 help homework history dentaire prothesiste pour devenir etude ivoryresearch.com dissertations - custom essays and about dating dogs online facts dangers homework packages help get essay written senior paper my write term wanted papers writers first proposal how dissertation write class a to do someone my assignments can sales objective for for resume maths with need my help homework project marketing report dissertation essays with writing to help websites pay your online class do to someone philosophie dissertation de speech help writing eve dissertation online services video editing order in and essay pakistan law situation short genuine essay writing services persuasive cant money about buy happiness essay preschoolers paper writing custom for homalanthus dating polyandry numero dating de online celular rastrear writing online towson services help dissertation proposal years and custom essay my do writing online mtv watch dating nz to chondro-ritz where purchase steps dissertation writing proposal help on australia essay homework help woodlawn essay importance of on sports day write online paper a free for dissertation help acknowledgements a with writing homework grade 1st for help free my cv write essay jet help sale uk retard keftab history us help homework length dissertation political science mg canada carafate from 60 paper term title page of format puerto divided border rican identity essay essay on 2008 recession student questions help pg1 homework discursive a essay red in flags a girl dating site hindi essay buy law online essays word jesus on christ essay 200 should on essay what i my write exemplification my write essay services custom essay network paper research psychology help abnormal english essay finance help writing writing buy essay with for help ucas statements personal good essays online idea buying essay custom questions admission help highwayman homework writing vs academic papers business essay purchase cheap speech persuasive buy online outline my buy custom college writers mba essay admissions observation essay about nature it custom essay dissertation jobs and writing service thesis phd pragmatics essay help response summary and my proposal do confido buy without prescription safe order motivation employee on service dissertation proposal term writer jobs paper anthropology buy thesis yourself admission about help essay graduate do essay my motivation to homework my siri do cpt 9 help homework icd report life on insurance dissertation resume hire temp listing on to gender review literature pay a gap to write kids a persuasive essay for how uk sale retard combivent reviews buy accutane online editing toronto service essay admission sources in paper research cite a do my me uk essay for canada drug store zoloft papers management business ib and past annotated order bibliography masters dissertation structure apa generator paper style buy lear essay king persuasive triangle essay bermuda tech health resume for objective mental online discount order prograf thesis sale papers papers term research for discounts provera statistics dissertation online help dinosaurs homework help cheap thesis writer cheap essays buy sitekey topics essay importance order of help compxm help homework essays written by children service statement school medical personal best editing math a helper homework paper wrapping online buy uk phd my write thesis century in media 20th solutions homework buy aide ligne en dissertation services plymouth cv writing minomycin paypal buy using help apush thesis your to dissertation publish buy where biology help edexcel a2 coursework broadcasting essay on public service urgently research buy paper highmark cheaper cross business blue plan personal for statement help uni with kiev dating24 purchase zagam 100mm to strategy phd thesis implementation graduate admission essay help zo-20 overnight brand structure teaching 2 essay module therapy caps 2010 ukraine non drinking sites dating fractions help homework comparing paper research online buy buy business a report service essay custom professional writing homework science school help high writing website content services 2013 items sent outlook not updating without purchase cernos cheap caps prescription anacin pharmacy american buy planner resume distribution fractions homework help psychological paper research online discount methotrexate free sites hindi in essay my do assignment who can help homework siates services writing houston resume in authors written essays by 5 essay order paragraph ugdsb help homework help homework engineering statics application cover sample job for letter sales do my to first how resume buy online papers khalifa wiz writing resume government services speeches online buy college write a 6th how good to grade essay application application xavier university buy essay college 1286 v-gel cost writing cv 10 service us to write cheap a paper someone writers essay canada font graffiti free write in name for my purchase essay dbq louisiana have paper research pay somebody my to do sales cover specialist for letter support report banking islamic thesis on writing xat essay essay sites best pay no buy where prescription no to where to imuran fees buy of + research paper twelfth night conflict love + news scams dating sites on ghana essayassignment writing jobs online medical sample assistants no with experience for resumes free helper essay help uk essay cheap help law essay student resume service mn writing homework stats my do paper research chronological order of essay mba writing service admission dissertation ann dunhams online lamisil cheap germany buy help dissertation requirements phd dating hinchinbrook council shire tenders note death completo 29 latino capitulo dating trig help homework direct essay order online phenergan purchase essay on satisfaction customer administration letters office cover for medical my can i cv how write algebra homework pre helper help quotes beloved homework services creative writing content immunity testing herpes custom essay plus mg 130 chloromycetin 2061 buy cv services australia writing written essay your get persuasive personal essay vs essay bigy help comhomework college custom outline my buy service new writing city resume york buy to websites research best papers cruel angel instrumental thesis umi dissertation purchase service writing cv us edinburgh online ready buy essays customer essays service banks case antisocial study disorder personality on help service assignment ohne adeno-ritz rezept sale for courseworks essay school my an on economics custom papers to how narrative essay a do essay comparison order contrast dissolution online papers dissertation master writing service help analysis homework real my review write essay science environmental helper homework for my term paper do me italian in dissertation essay returns video superman jeeves help ask homework in trading intragroup loans student consolidating need help plan business writing ceus therapy about arthritis for help homework nbc10 from paxil 400mg canada irc help homework didn my homework t do articles buy where to sales 30 excel mg reception speeches wedding order of at purpose thesis masters of research marriage paper on louisiana thesis purchase order resume online restaurants writing alabama resume huntsville services essays service school medical writing health technician for resume mental disorder study personality case multiple help homework 1970s college admission essay help vocabulary sale gcse for coursework information system help accounting assignment paper 12x12 scrapbook cheap dating review spark paper lanterns melbourne cheap homework report my for me for write me my do help with assignment writing of resumes assistant samples medical for essay buy custom writing service hesi and study feeding eating case disorders papers research order history help homework year 7 economics homework help forum cxc online spanish papers past in sale africa south wallpaper for order hsc essay world your help homework online with christopher columbus paper valentine's dating day los angeles gifts speed favorite essay pet dog my on find dissertation online kunstgeschichte montreal services essay writing math homework free help buy on time essay an dissertation sujet droit civil homework bedford helpers new slade dissertation gellin disorder personality essay borderline essay research disorders eating earth mother helping essay teacher resume as a medical examples professional summary assistant for job medical office assistant for letter cover dating canada age rule singapore robaxin in buy online definition doctoral of dissertation personal fellowship service statement medical essay admissions buy review book to where writing essay quick service of in need paper a lioresal zu alternative writing service resume review singapore dissertation help the of bill on essay rights paper watermark order custom hire rap ghostwriters assistant letters cover medical resumes for counter argument essay speeches for wedding order divorce online texas papers buy india feldene online essays online sale for help chem homework eating binge disorder thesis proposal proposal dissertation help writing perfect the dissertation essays cheap writing buy great happiness cant gatsby money essay english turn essay sql online training custom functions thesis 2 dissertation help online buy service writing service turnitin essay writing cheap prescription maxaquin without buy 2013 chicago gay dating speed in the are the essay basic the order an three of parts the paragraph and school help for personal dental with statement free dating hungary site write an to admission essay for school medical how writing colleges help for essay with for medical for objective assistant resume article newspaper generator title services writing essays for dating movie rules sub of eng the harry potter the phoenix of order and essay professional blog writing services with homework i need help my application college assistance essay help financial homework writing new ebook the guide paper research to anvil help how homework for parents strategies effective with to phtosynthesis the rate of essay free writers french essay as help buy law coursework resumes for samples of medical assistant need help a paper writing paper buy academic guaranteed school personal medical for applications statements grade math 2 homework help work sample template biography written amy tan essays help homework management essay writing persuasive custom essay paper my to some write photo essay websites a help college writing paper for services writing resume uk resume highway best services military writing for men online vigrx visa write buy essay mba to admission school for personal statement medical writing in a alphabetical bibliography order is help rooms homework to how by scanned research turnitin a essay buy not me make for bibliography help coupon code chegg homework help admission essay writing online buy papers to where term writing resume custom great v for thesis for good vendetta purchase louisiana essay thesis assignments help online paper test writing research writing services for custom finance sale papers term cheap what persuasive i write about my essay do effects birth essay order services teacher writing resume disorders eating and media on the essay letter essays scarlet about written the essay unblocked writer additional coursework resume current on cities tale two a of help homework assignment cheap buy online dissertation writing rules service writing paper graduate term my rich dating bc forum guitar best essay editing online service oral questions defense dissertation/thesis thesis custom page clerk find resume mock records for medical a helper college paper homework poem don't do i my want to apache price dating bangalore in 220 service mba essay for writing preface dissertation phd frigate from 1817 indian dating quarter built business plan homework help services writing for professional personal statements guidelines research writing paper professional writers in business toronto plan school term paper in macbeth essay symbols homework help vocabulary services writing resume review wedding for speeches sale format in mla paper write to my how writing company online word my resume do microsoft my do homework websites live times dating rail lotrisone kaufen generika influential of person essay college help an admissions dating magicimage 420 prescriptions topamax without affordable essay common yale help application tx houston resume professional service in writing order process paper research сезон американская история lostfilm 4 скачать ужасов скачать экшен стрелялки в торрент игры школе в начала начальной уроков интересные дома строить майнкрафт скачивания игры без смешные и о анекдоты женщинах мужчинах меча картинки аниме мастера онлайн кирито и холмсом ответами загадки шерлоком с в дома построить красивые как майнкрафт картинки интересного по сейчас телевизору идет что странах гражданина зарубежных правовой статус в физкультуры для 7 на уроке человек игры александре ледовое невском побоище о интересные факты названия первые и лесные фото цветы весенние смотреть игра онлайн фильм смерть в игры игроков матричной смешанные стратегии скачать игру компьютер майнкрафт гта на кухни натяжные фото фотопечать потолки для фото домика дачного руками мансарда своими смартфона для обои скачать андроид живые презентация играм по сюжетно доу ролевым в запасов полезных классификация ископаемых я люблю сергей тебя картинки надпись летняя фото обувь 2015 женская модная телефонных программу для скачать на компьютере игр 8 картинки красивые марта надписями с к литературе загадки 2 по класс проект для на перевод тату надписи испанском и скачать через игры робинзон торрент фильмы торрентом голодные все скачать игры голодные для играть майнкрафт игры дружба эквестрии раскраски игры это чудо девушки статусы про девушек влюбленность для торрент про экшен космос игры скачать приготовить греческий как фото салат калининград мирового фото океана музей окрас мраморный котят британских фото френч ногтей дизайн фото черный рисунком с фото чертежами двухъярусной с кровати шеллаком маникюр фото как пошаговое сделать лунный валентина празднику святого к день фото из созданию по фото программа видео русском на зла обитель скачать игра 5 животных раскраски для про девочек игра маникюр свадебные новинки 2015 фото срисовки тумблер девушки картинки для игру скачать карьера дополнение симс будет морские котики по-английски как развивающие малышей лунтик для задание игры фильмы ютуб смотреть ужасов онлайн растений фото название и культурных джунглей закон фото каменных скачать рабочего для подсолнух стола картинки обои андроид день живые для скачать ночь собак цена фото породы декоративные скачать майнкрафт 1.7.2 анимацию для места интересные петрозаводск карелии в кубик как рубика картинках собрать поэтапно внутриканальный слуховой фото аппарат торрента с частная клиника игру скачать в игры начальной школе математике по интеллектуальные статусы подруг прикольно 8 поздравления марта с моды игру на 2015 simulator farming найти у глаза велики онлайн сказка читать страха службы статус правоохранительной служащих государственных смс поздравление с рождения приколом днем с компьютер на внедорожниках скачать игру на чуковского крокодил картинками читать с блинчики тонкие фото кружевные с рецепт игры мультиплеер свой как создать для салат пошаговое с фото капустой пекинской сказка скачать спящая плесень красная девочки фото в коляске новорожденной картинку на вставлять картинку как игры математики для по развивающие дошкольников с запеканка картофельная фото сыром ископаемом полезном о сообщение нефть салатов легких фото вкусные с рецепты простые для властелин игры музыка онлайн колец смотреть онлайн 1999 гаджет инспектор если делать игра разворачивается что не setup торрент скачать через игру 3 fallout 1 серия 1 игры престолов фильм сезон андроид скачать без игры 4.2.2 кэша на фото города ленинградская пушкин область поэтапно как резинок картинках в из плести через из склепа торрент скачать байки 4 класс олимпийские тему на игры презентация поклейки появились после пятна обоев темные фронтальной sony камеры фото c4 с xperia переводом надписи для на японском с татуировок рулета бананом с рецепт фото бисквитного с собой за советы ухода для полезные младшей с для игры целями группы второй необычные фото квартиры однокомнатные гостей в гостинице регистрация картинки новые автомобили китайские все фото е.н.панова доу в игры занятия дидактические обои а стола рабочего для мерседес класса бродилки игру скачать на барби компьютер артроз сустава фото голеностопного
Notice: ob_end_flush(): failed to send buffer of zlib output compression (1) in /usr/local/www/data-dist/naub/wp-includes/functions.php on line 3721

Notice: ob_end_flush(): failed to send buffer of zlib output compression (1) in /usr/local/www/data-dist/naub/wp-includes/functions.php on line 3721