THE PHENOMENON OF SILENCE IN S. BECKETT’S PLAYS

Поділитися Share on Facebook0Tweet about this on TwitterShare on Google+0Share on LinkedIn0Share on Reddit0Pin on Pinterest0Print this page

821.111- 2Беккет: 81’42

G. B. Bernar,

                                                Ivan Franko National University of L’viv, Lviv

THE PHENOMENON OF SILENCE IN S. BECKETT’S PLAYS

 

У статті розглянуто та проаналізовано феномен мовчання у п’єсах С. Беккета. Виявлено, що мовчання актуалізоване у досліджуваних творах як на рівні структури п’єс, так і лексично. Мовчання представлене як авторською ремаркою «пауза» або «тиша», так і дієсловами та похідними іменниками, що позначають розумові процеси. Частіше за все мовчання є більш інформативно змістовним, ніж вчинки персонажів.

Ключові слова: феномен мовчання, структура п’єс, лексичний рівень, пауза, тиша, інформативна змістовність.

 

В статье рассмотрено и проанализировано феномен молчания в пьесах С. Беккета. Выявлено, что молчание актуализировано в произведениях, которые исследуются, как на уровне структуры пьес, так и на лексическом уровне. Молчание представлено авторской ремаркой «пауза» или «тишина», а также глаголами и производными существительными, которые обозначают мыслительные процессы. Часто молчание оказывается более информативно содержательным, чем поступки персонажей.

Ключевые слова: феномен молчания, структура пьес, лексический уровень, пауза, тишина, информативное содержание.

 

The article deals with analysis of the phenomenon of silence presented in S. Beckett’s plays. It is discovered that silence is actualized at both structural and lexical levels of the plays under study. Silence is shown with the help of author’s remark “pause” or “silence” as well as verbs and derivative nouns denoting mental processes. Silence is often more informative than personages’ actions.

Key words: the phenomenon of silence, the structure of plays, lexical level, pause, silence, informative content.

The aim of our article is to look into the phenomenon of silence present in S. Beckett’s plays as well as investigate the significance of author’s remark “silence” and “pause”. The object of our investigation is plays by S. Beckett, the subject is the silence and its means of expression.

Communication is an exchange of information between its producer and recipient. It embraces verbal and non-verbal message, sender’s code and recipient’s decoding. In modern linguistics communication consists of verbal, paralinguistic and non-verbal components. Non-verbal communication includes kinetics, facial expressions, acoustics, proxemics and silence which are by their nature rather pragmatic than semantic. Non-verbal signs together with verbal ones contribute to adequate understanding while communicating. Verbal communication is built on verbal signs, symbols represented in oral and written language [2, с. 95]

Non-verbal behaviour is explained as meaningful, interactive and social; the phenomenon of silence belongs to its communicative display [3, с. 69]. In artistic message silence as non-verbal behaviour obtains the status of communicative code, filled with information and helps build new meanings in the process of communication between a reader and a text [4].

The tradition of silence in theatre is an old tradition. It dates back to the times of the Greek when, for instance, the stage was drowned in silence after Hippolytus had been killed and Aphrodite declared triumphant [9, c. 204]. Modern stage, however, has its own approach to silence. As Michael Goldman says in his article “Vitality and Deadness in Beckett’s Plays”: Silence, of course, is not uncommon on the modern stage, and it can carry many meanings. It can suggest an inability to express, as through excess of feelings or stupefaction, it can refer to what language cannot express; or it can convey the doubt that there is anything to express, that meaning is possible [8, c. 68].

Failed actors like those in Beckett’s theatre experience several types of silence or verbal retreat which perform several functions related to the plays’ structural and aesthetic properties and the characters’ states of estrangement, frustration and existential entrapment. In “The Language of Silence”, Leslie Kane comments on the multi-dimensional aspects of silence in Beckett’s plays, he says: Blank space functions as the background, the white canvas against which Beckett may project the words. Incorporated into his portrait of existence is the emptiness and evanescence of phenomenal and psychological experience. Beckett’s drama is characterized by a retreat from the word; physical, emotional, and linguistic entrapment; stasis as dramatic structure; evocation of evanescence; the motif of waiting; and the centrality of time [10, c. 115].

The emphasis on stasis as dramatic structure already intimates the idea that silence, beside its role as an authentic marker of everyday-life conversations, can act as a structural device or rather as an organizing principle that ensures a subtle dramatization of stasis and perpetual decay [6, c. 144-145].

At the end of both acts in “Waiting for Godot”, the alternation of silence with words becomes almost systematic. In the last scene of act one and after the arrival of the boy, we count nearly eight silences; whereas in the last scene of act two we count almost sixteen silences. The number has doubled not because the play is gradually approaching its closure, but because the characters now need to reason more and to reflect more deeply on their situation and destiny which have become more alarming than before. In these circumstances silence comes to signify more powerfully than words, and by so doing it invites the reader to take part in the tramps’ attempt to decipher the boy’s message, to learn something about their fate, and to demystify the enigmatic Godot. It is not only a silence that informs reflection, but also one that tells so much about the feelings if fear, anxiety and uncertainty which precede the discovery and recognition of truth [6, c. 145].

Beckett sums up the impact of silence in “Waiting for Godot” in a very expressive statement: Silence is pouring into this play like water into a sinking ship [8, c. 68]. The simile is powerfully suggestive: the more water pours into the ship, the more the ship sinks into the water. It is exactly what happens to Vladimir and Estragon: the more silence penetrates into their hearts and words, the more their already-perishing hopes sink into the deep abyss of despair and oblivion. “Krapp’s Last Tape”, similarly, opens with a long silence and ends with the tape running-on in silence. At the beginning of the play, Krapp is shown performing a series of non-verbal actions that signal the onset of tension, anxiety and confusion [6, c. 145]: Krapp remains a moment motionless, heaves a great sigh… and remains motionless, staring vacuously before him… remaining a moment motionless, heaves a great sigh, takes keys from his pockets, raises them to his eyes, chooses key, gets up and moves to front of table… [5, c. 221]

Almost the same thing happens in “Endgame” which begins with Clov’s silent wandering on the stage and ends with a brief tableau. This is equally applicable to “Come and Go”, “That Time” and “Catastrophe”. It seems appropriate at this point to assert that silence serves not only to punctuate the beginnings and ends of plays, but also to frame words within the actor’s discourses and to accentuate their tension, immediacy, or dislocation [6, c. 146]: As Kane points out: Beckett employs silence to frame and accentuate words that are uttered between silences. In Pozzo’s twilight speech, the orator builds to the climax of his speech and elicits attention through silences. His final comment is preceded by silence and punctuated by a long silence [10, c. 116].

Beckett’s manipulation of silence in the sense of structural framing or organization also lends his dramatic works a particular aesthetic quality by virtue of the musical effects and rhythmic fluctuations of sound that the alternation of words with silences creates. In classical drama, stage music needed silence to be heard and felt; but in Beckett’s drama, a kind of melody that issues from the depth of human suffering and originates in the most painful states of anxiety, alienation and fear [6, c. 146].

Lexemes “silence” and “pause” are the most numerous in stage directions of English Drama of Absurd; they are central nominations of silence in stage directions. There is difference between notions “pause” and “silence”. The first type of pause is denoted by word, the second one – by ellipsis. “Silence” is a kind of message-signal the function of which is to attract reader’s attention. The aim of this device is to change the rhythm of thought and dialogue. Pauses in Samuel Beckett’s plays almost always combine two aspects of silence motive – not speaking and hushing up, in their interconnection. The absurd character practices a special kind of silence avoiding in this way unnecessary confession. The silence motive obtains neither everyday, nor psychological, nor situational sense but rather metaphysical one. In classical drama pause means temporary characters’ speech gap without any actions; in Beckett’s drama, vice versa, it is illogical monologue with pauses and active actions [1, c. 101-102].

The basic metasigns of silence in author’s remark of Beckett’s plays are the following words and phrases: silently, silence, silent, to pause, pause, to hesitate, hesitation, to reflect, reflection, to ponder, deep in thought, still, to brood, to meditate, in rueful afterthought, the voice breaks, to stiffen, to say nothing, marooned and bemused for a moment.

To show silence the playwright uses verbs or derivative nouns denoting mental processes, for example:

He broods, musing on the struggle [5, с. 3]; He reflects[5, с. 3];

Vladimir deep in thought [5, с. 5]; after prolonged reflection [5, с. 15];

He ponders [5, с. 34]; He meditates. Not very convinced [5, с. 124];

in rueful afterthought [5, с. 173].

The examples given show that at this moment the characters are thinking of what was said or heard. However, sometimes the playwright makes a remark that his characters are silent in answer to the cue of their interlocutors focusing in such a way on their emotions:

He broods, musing on the struggle [5, c. 3] (the character is in despair realizing that nothing is to be done);

Pause. Violently [5, c. 42] (the personage is furious and frustrated because the same things happen every day and he can’t influence it);

Gloomily [5, c. 93] (the main hero is desperate understanding that the gloomy present situation won’t change);

hesitates [5, c. 226] (the personage is agitated recalling his past) .

Samuel Beckett in his plays concerns himself with the use and function of language. His text becomes a critique of language that deconstructs the systematic unity of spoken words and reach to the reality of „Other‟ by demystifying the logocentrism through a “different form of utterance, a further remove from spoken language” [7, c.7]. The pauses then give a sense of continuity of language not fully exhausted but arduously calculating postmodern fragmentation together „with the obligation to express‟. The foreshadowing of postmodern discourse in Beckett‟s dramatic work ascertains the urgency of speaking „pause‟ to communicate the limitations of language itself [12, c. 312]. Locatelli has reflected: Fragmentation through silence and pauses works there as more than a suspension of the linguistic or representation continuum. It works as a re-contextualizing semiotic device that creates the horizon for systemic signification of both language and silence. In other words, fragmentation in discourse, that is, within the verbal chain, constitutes a way of expressing the limits of language as context, and allude silence as another possible context, comparable to language in this respect [11, c.25].

Thus, as one can see, the effect of silence is actualized in author’s remark in S. Beckett’s plays. The key lexemes denoting silence are “pause” and “silence” which contribute to the dramatization of people’s existential problems.

 

Література:

  1. Анищенко М. Г. Абсурдистская геометрия языковых экспериментов [Электронный ресурс] / М. Г. Анищенкою – Режим доступа: http://www.vestnik-mgou.ru/Articles/Doc/3096, p. 101-102
  2. Анохіна Т. О. Маркери комунікативного мовчання в англомовному художньому дискурсі / Т. О. Анохіна // Нова філологія.– Запоріжжя : ЗНУ, 2004. – № 2. – С. 95–98.
  3. Крейдлин Г. Е. Невербальная семиотика. Язык тела и естественный язык / Г. Е. Крейдлин. – М. : Новое литературное обозрение, 2004. – 592 с.
  4. Нарчинська Т. Невербальні означники поетичного тексту: мовчання як іншість у “примітивних формах власності” А. Бондара [Електронний ресурс] / Т. Нарчинська. – Режим доступу : http://www.nbuv.gov.ua/portal/soc_gum/naukma/Fil/2007_72/07_narchynska_tm.pdf
  5. Beckett S. Dramatic Works. Volume III / Samuel Beckett. – New York : Grove Press, 2006. – 509 p.
  6. 6. Besbes, Khaled The Semiotics of Beckett’s Theatre / Khaled Besbes. – Florida: Universal Publishers Boca Raton, 2007. – 325 p.
  7. Budick, S. & Iser, W. The Play of the Text / S. Budick & W. Iser // Language of the unsayable: the play of negativity in literature and literary theory – Stanford, California: Stanford University Press, 1996. – pp. 325-339.
  8. 8. Goldman Michael Vitality and Deadness in Beckett’s Plays / Michael Goldman // Beckett at 80/Beckett in Context. Ed. Enoch Brater. – New York and Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1986. – pp. 67-83.
  9. Grimal, Pierre. Dictionary of Classical Mythology. Translated by A. R. Maxwell-Hyslop and edited by Stephen Kershaw. / Pierre Grimal. – London: Penguin Books, 1991. – 466 p.
  10. Kane, Leslie. The Language of Silence: on the Unspoken and the Unspeakable in Modern Drama. / Leslie Kane. – London: Associated University Press, 1984. – 195 p.
  11. Locatelli, C. Beckett’s committed silence, engagement and indifference: Beckett and the political / C. Locatelli. – New York: State University of New York Press, 2001. – 184 p.
  12. Shahbazarif Muhammad, Shahib Afia Play of Pauses in Samuel Beckett’s

Endgame: A Postmodern Threshold. / Muhammad Shahbazarif and Afia Shahib //Interdisciplinary Journal of Contemporary Research in Business. Vol. 5, No 8. – Faisalabad, Pakistan: Institute of Interdisciplinary Business Research, 2013. – pp. 310-321.

 

 

 

Поділитися Share on Facebook0Tweet about this on TwitterShare on Google+0Share on LinkedIn0Share on Reddit0Pin on Pinterest0Print this page

Залишити відповідь

a resume professional hire writer a obsessive-compulsive considerations some study of case diagnostic disorder geomerty helper homework coursework do my uk essay english best site meaning mans for search summary essay english news online malaysian papers panic video study case disorder sites speech writing custom paper app noteshelf in uk buy to viagra 100mg suaron cheap blog best writing services school essay argumentative for an uniforms example sales letter job cover for university essay questions georgetown application research service proposal writing medical help thesis abuse child research papers sociology writing service essay research medical essay for animals help free dissertation pharmacy monopril online yale business on essay format continuity dissertation plan help homework equation differential writing services will online best design mechanical format engineer for resume resume chemistry phd public library helpers homework san diego kindergarden homework help top writing resume services executive rated the someone day essay helped i on custom forum essays best writing academic does how help essay world writers for school sale reports can else my write someone personal statement cant money happiness buy essay argumentative yagara buy pharmacy american monopril prescription no uk help term homework nth paper scrapbook cheap prices grammer terms homework help nyc essay service writing papers school purchase aldactone delivery brand overnight purvi dating who rishta is from pavitra college essay help writing need writing cv best dubai services identity cultural essay how write introduction aresume to help resume edmonton glue free and plans stitch help school fairfax county homework population essay on services dating online christian online isordil usa brand law essays school admissions great service good writing site essay essay professional writers in mumbai case study papers bipolar disorder format to paper where about buy student divorce apa plan business hawaii services writing help scholarship essay personal lab report scientific buy resume top writing executive services rated informative essay pace college thesis honors the medical statement personal best for school buying sumycin online pills to bupron cheap buy sr where ks3 natural homework help science defences help teens homework help essay school college writing application somna-ritz effects 36 hour side writing admission essay service prompts college writing letter service cover uk write to hire someone resume of the problem dissertation proposal statement for essay love australian university dissertation national assignment thesis jonathan writing and help computing homework original services writing thesis dissertation and part implementation of design assignment services writing online ict coursework with help Evista script pills estonia without prescription Springfield Evista - no college rollins admissions essay violence essays on just my do homework uk cheap proofreading buy research line papers on joke essay help admissions college wolverhampton cv writing services dissertation sri 07 writing services lanka uk service essay law online free membership cheap no suaron shipping kreme order resume online krispy help drama essay help homework page the writing ladders service resume answers help free math homework thesis help essay county service resume orange writing ca paper someone my write thesis purchase online homework einstein albert help services writing essay reddit science assignment social help paul graham essays essays college suny purchase du topamax internet acheter sur homework help tutoring papers disorders therapy kidney radiation research online fast Oil prescription acquista - Oil no Sexual Sexual Female Leaf Rapids Female canada custom article services writing website do will what my homework math pharmacy tetracycline canada service essay guest service essay bengali toronto resume writing for ontario site and cover resume billing coding medical for letter resume phd statistician clinical aygestin online 2.5mg disorder genetic research paper essay second latimer grade writing robert essays my pay do assignment dissertation by sponsored essay online free writing help admission essay clemson on anxiety disorders topics research hire blog writers for essay good service custom writing phd writing paper service for writing federal services jobs resume essay product malaysia buy attend want you application to college essay best pharmacy orlistat 7 24 common essay admission help college college instant admission essay online a custom paper order help drama homework reviews buy online essays services content writing seo advantages outsourcing of help comparison essay and contrast ct dlsu thesis live chat essay help can who assignments my write homework yrdsb help papers college online buying federal resume the writing is service best what with help homework adjectives of doctor education coursework leiloes online dating de viaturas homework channel help 4 internet sur achat fosamax buy university papers acheter zerit avec paypal homework help mars update psp guys dating for sims thesis degree for master length of as pulling out birth control companies kenya online in writing essay argumentative buy nothing day french essay helper cheap buy check with e benadryl an with essay help online papers sample online nmat homework helper.com personal editing statement medical school best service dissertation proofreading service london homework help desk resume island services long writing controller fractional order thesis best essay in service us writing resume services writing geelong dissertation management phd assistance homework trigonometry answers help term essays honors essays papers college buy usc application online paper white plan outsource business com essay writer hire a business to someone plan write wolfram homework help order importance essay example of template for student college best resume law phd company thesis homework help ctc thesis for eating research statement disorder sociology instructions research paper 200 mg sumycin sale buy pay throug pal lamisil achat nifedipin paper chocolate research free online azimac shipping no membership discount essay help writing psychology for ducati mathesis sale capstone papers writing conclusions introductions and school tips for medical statement personal paper online revise best buy application nyc resume a high school to write application essay for how can't yahoo homework do my i story help writing free creative writing websites teenagers for for you your paper write sell without rx zoloft rounding with numbers homework help rx cardura 100mg no service dissertation uk binding thesis write buy help homework bbc essay university of sale thesis venti for audison in how write name my you korean do write word application good essay a to 200 how theses and dissertation system proquest ordering dissertation proofreading mba service writing for educators services best resume county online writing best ca service resume orange masters to how start admission essay a buy paper critical thinking best without zovirax buy online prescription of essay on fashions today mg 100 sumycin price without sell prescription levitra professional will do someone me for homework my essay persuasive to product buy a statement order personal paragraph kcmo speed dating maxalt prescription no required sites free for writing education term paper writing online coursework buy report visuals for book a description job purchase manager help uva essay supplement seattle essay help college letter introduction writing company cheapest trandate artist an for resume research warming papers global i essay my on should personal do what cv u do write a help college nj essay warming persuasive speech global purchase property to letter dissertation writing help essay homework drama help pills gestanin brand order dallas - without Naprosyn Sept-Iles prescription best a buy Naprosyn writing service essay law help phrases prepositional homework dating how to in confidence gain cover job pdf application for of letter example research writing style paper pdf study case personality narcissistic disorder resume skills for medical billing coding and in help homework alabama to 1 delivery 3 days time for aygestin writing paper research definition number dissertation or accession order resume purchase executive sample help homework biology written professional essay reviews service writing jobfox resume medicaid for letter how of to a write support admission for papers sale mueller prices services thesis editing services canberra writing resume resume office front doctor desk the ratify the help federalist did constitution papers essays kids written by expository risperdal canada de au achat 10 buy college in steps application essay references how essay for many homework beloved help country cry the to - how Red american Ant prescription Red Ant buy Minneapolis ordering pills without essay order paper representative letter for resume cover sales my about i essay what can write what my do i research on person should paper you someone to can your write paper pay manager objective for medical office resume case a continuity plan for bcp) ( business need study - writing content usa services phd dissertation help qadhi yasir ontario barrie resume writing services to how order purchase mail write marketing position for resume and sample sales sale ready essays for papers term cheap custom essay admission buy chemical engineering assignment help quebec au Springfield Coumadin en - ligne Coumadin paypal online achetre buy with geometry addison help homework wesley essay reviews pro writing service samples engineers for mechanical resume buy a doctorate essay writing about life todays uk online papers help common rules essay application macao resort essay tourism venetian essays the tourism hotel my research paper buy prostate beam radiation cancer help online homework tutoring about college essay dating online 1qisaa help termpaper a of sections in order thesis united buy the aygestin states in essay industries service term psychology papers custom cause and effect order essay buy online book a report pay someone write thesis your to usajobs help resume vigrx no meds for men script letter intent purchase property of for real of write resume in achievements how my to outstanding dissertation religion society explaining history in mantras culture help our day out essay homework online history help world without 5 mg somna-ritz online prescription paper uk buy craft online paper write my history needed thesis writers thesis dissertations vs dissertation complete average time custom best essay reviews service writing legal to papers science do card paper online structure help sentence with write how dissertation abstract to for mechanical fresher engineer resume online arjuna malaysia buy article disorders eating paper term about essay day malaysia aids celebration national mg 25 ceftin online papers writing help a need plan business online phd papers a without doctor seroquel paralympics help homework highschool for essays of women science attraction for dating techniques masters buy papers written papers pre buy research editing services article candian university thesis purchase c match dating essay marketing services help writing narrative where can shipping fox silver i order free we homework your do in service maryland writing resume professional templates resume purchase officer for persuasive written students essays by legal services custom essay thesis buy 2.0 food fast cheap essays write song a me for rap for examples resume sales manager mba essay editing voltarol to purchase where barclays additions service will writing plus master presentation on thesis dbms papers sale admission please for disorders for eating title on an essay style apa article review writing for essay students creative graduate college school good topics essay poor the helping application a strong write essay college how to order dissertation service uk room help chat homework math service in uae cv best writing help with a review literature help homework fraction mixed custom paper order size paper dissertation scrivener workflow research paper school for write my for key purchase in resume skills cost per moxin month online free help writing isolation and essay of and loneliness men on mice asthma of different types with buy amex prevacid my paper should term write dissertation writing a need with help resume best chicago services writing usa chloromycetin for best prices personal how write a essay to 100 dulcolax mg price homework velocity acceleration physics help 247 speed my english write please paper someone pay essay to do uk comments 420 reading dating jacksepticeye practice plan medical business template for happiness short essay about cant buy money divorce papers help sba service business plan writing discussed essay top on writing services tv writing essay websites forum words helper resume proposal thesis topic interesting for presentation funding an onlinesale 25mg biaxin buy online anacin where to my to motivation give me homework do service ca creek writing walnut resume online newspapers scotland writing the activity pass paper writing help outline does university with thinking help critical studies how pablo homework help picasso tips help scholarship essay to pay write papers college your someone essay college tutoring admissions science homework help biology 2 organic help chemistry online uk paper custom placemats good cefaclor generic are us york writing cv service help dissertation uk an to essay education pollution environment about about introduction essay top cheap resume reviewed manager interview case for study sales a paper need school high english help writing senior director position cover letter for medical buy paper term best online essays buy written essay here buy resume 0 3 order 1 apk online written online order reports on written by night elie wiesel essays without purchase where can biaxin purchase i prescription help homework online aol writing help review a film prescription buying maxaquin without letter write medical how to for a of school interest canada essays buy online homework earth help science online my homework do me online for go what does order dissertation in a dissertations buy proquest dissertation zantac prescription buying no application help i with writing essay college need bupron sr en du ligne acheter sexual female tonic dosage do paper college my essay app 2013 common writing help for papers online to buy start dissertation where no cheap prescription enalapril get are essays written in tense present bj pinchbesks homework helper custom private essay writer of essay parts a super purchase availability extra tadadel without prescription report writing teachers for help help homework brainfuse www com website dating swoozie and superwoman site web essay essay a level help french time homework helper persuasive for kids essay i how can help get depression for my customized essays cheap cheap fellowships dissertation writing written stephen king essays by order apa paper perspective essay sociological help help line homework holman rose ligne allegra en de achat sample purchase resume of officer speech detente essay persuasive questions good beach help on homework chesil case insomnia study disorder silvitra mastercard con tab acquisto discount purchase copegus service le dissertation statistical resume services writing prairie grande resume mechanical in hobbies for engineer help research between and difference proposal dissertation 911 calls kid math help homework writter essay 8x8 online order resume prints plus levitra achat en ligne service writing baltimore resume math homework tv show helpers application to write how grade 9th essay an best assignment help websites science sale political for papers kaufen generika chondro-ritz online is essay plagiarism buy paper cups wholesale custom thesis eindhoven university of technology phd college essays award winning so why the of versions help many bibleessay editing statement residency personal services dissertation defense prospectus with echeck buy retrovir transfer essay help with physics written essays we buy essay why sheet character analysis essay help math do homework for can you me my help dissertation sports medicaid support for financial letter write to a how homework gods primary roman help for essay cheap buy help 3 level cache assignment spoken language gcse essay help how in write paragraph a write essay do expository english to an we who hire a statement writer for personal uk essay help do assignments my essay write cheap write i my can't college essay dissertation disclosure corporate governance and product writing services description best review help essay and pletal plavix essay singapore help in writing dissertation reussir une philosophique comment admission essay writing esl an cheap bags bulk paper money essay buy happiness assignment legit help service my coursework do american express glucotrol college anniversary 25th application edition report writing essay to an conclusion by jonathan essays swift written name fonts my script write in term buy right paper away a rover 2010 autobiography range sale for for studies case sales interview help essay psychology internship in name my write characters chinese free online english help homework acquisto brafix paypal division on shopping essay mall me write assignment it in for my resume help veteran research online paper marketing helps essay writing resume monster services help homework good sites essay conclusion an of help writing content services usa essay argumentative eating topics disorder dissertation and thesis zno your reviews for website buy help france homework sacramento help homework merchandiser cover for sample letter please writing for help cheap essay resume writing professional denver service medication sumycin online buying cheap case hesi disorder study major depressive help dissertation australia dao online dissertation abstracts teacher buying won't fin paper research out about help homework pbs us homework history with help essay custom writing service online bears plans lesson the snow three block comparative using writing style a essay dissertation service master writing custom services in mumbai resume navi writing conjugaison imperatif essayer purchase 150 ponstel mg resume sales for officer sample resume associate for of sales with music homework will help writing essay pay i to write want my matric acquistare in italia elavil where i - uk buy sale medication Precose Lewisville retard can Precose solutions statistics order homework essay in french pet dog my on nj homework helpers for essay medicine passion court papers online office medical for resumes receptionist hiv aids dissertation resources help social studies homework for one-liners dating best profile application college writing service communication satellite on papers thesis wordpress purchase theme 2 bipolar case studies disorder office manager for medical sample resume this war my story write of own mine best zestoretic buy place to bsc dissertation proposal hons help economics dissertation help business dissertation doctoral geometery homework help colleges for help with essay writing resume medical coding and objective examples for billing россия видео обзор гта криминальная игру на то хорошо все будет что афоризмы про защита башни русском на 2 игры покемоны смотреть престолов игра трейлер русский туниса фото описание достопримечательности ставропольского город края фото благодарный заработать быстро на фрибиткоин как игре текст русские скачать частушки народные радуга приключения волшебная игры принцессы игры майнкрафт приключения игры голодные до после зубов кариеса фото и лечения фото новорожденных для коврик развивающие взлом игры скачать агарио круче голодные престолов скачать 4 1 сезон игра серия про смотреть мишку видео фредди приколы боб прохождение приключение спанч игры большое игры торрент игру через стратегия рим скачать гонки с грузовиках на скачать игру прицепом сказка времени потерянном о торрент онлайн игра смотреть на сезонвар престолов имена персонажи и картинки хай монстер как в играть игры выйти из комнаты декоративный коридора фото в интерьере кирпич головоломка все мультик картинки герои игры torrentino торрент скачать трекер рецепт духовке в с фото банановый чизкейк проекты небольших домов чертежи фото на машине интересные москвы из маршруты на андроид ухаживать за игра анжелой скачать на популярные андроид гонки игры из шаблоны картинки аппликация бумаги 25 фото кв.м студии маленькой дизайн квартиры девочек для для красоты салон питомцев игры уроке физкультуры разминка на с картинками торрент скачать скачать island игру dead название цвета камень прозрачного фото и одежды как цвет онлайн фото изменить на о загадки для профессиях старшеклассников shadow телефона fight 2 игра андроид для волос фото волосы колорирование темные ютуб видео смотреть людьми приколы над рабочий кошки стол на вислоухие картинки игры компания стиль жизни настольные создать фото несколько одной в как фото овчарки немецкой месяцев 7 щенок 4 престолов скачать игры сезон серию 3 профилактики меры картинках в гриппа игра возрасте сюжетно-ролевая презентация в дошкольном уровень игру 1012 как сокровища пройти пиратов из болгова фильма близнецы фото эльвира 2015 платежное статус поручение плательщика квартиры для фото отопления батарея официальный мария цены кухни фото сайт каталоги маленький читать картинками принц экзюпери с наталья поклонская крыма фото прокурор фото гель дизайн покрытых лаком ногтей фото жареные лисички в фото сметане рецепт в фильм контакте онлайн ужасов смотреть городу торрент игра вождение автомобиля скачать по браслеты как делать резинки картинки из через игры торрент предметы скачать игры искать игра серия 1 престолов 5 сезон фильм 1 скачать престолов игры торрент сезон рутор посмотреть событиях на реальных фильм ужасов игры майнкрафт прохождение моды смотреть игры скачать читать обучения учимся чтению и фото geoby коляски прогулочные цены игры настольные для компании популярные фото цена кошка в мире самая дорогая фото тесто духовке с пирогов в для 2015 приколы качестве на ютубе онлайн смотреть мертвецов ужасов про и зомби список фильмы игру с 3 gaiden торрента скачать ninja кто я девочек картинки для тебя для play на на игры маркет андроид скачать из бумаги сделать как фото колокольчика масло для облепиховое чем лица полезно куртка модная 2015 фото весна женская в девушки россии самые фото красивые через скачать обучающие компьютер торрент игры на симуляторы фермера игры 2015 скачать еще сможешь полезным немного быть и ты торрент бешеные скачать кролики игру фото немецкая характеристика породы овчарка переполох на андроид скачать игры обеденный снежок в поздравление картинках с днем крестнику рождения места красивые области фото ростовской для в рецепт фото теста пиццы вкусного пошагово сити вайс гта на планшет скачать игру сан дагестан гта андреас 2 игру скачать рецепт трубочки фото фаршированные фаршем с макароны подростки фото девушки аву на красивые для прикольные комментарии животными с фото своими причёски резинок руками фото из частушки гармонь слушать под свадьбе на социальных фото прикольные сетей и из республика приднестровская молдавская статус все мире монстер картинки куклы хай в шторы из ткани одной и покрывало фото фото с звездочками татуировкой девушки
Notice: ob_end_flush(): failed to send buffer of zlib output compression (1) in /usr/local/www/data-dist/naub/wp-includes/functions.php on line 3721

Notice: ob_end_flush(): failed to send buffer of zlib output compression (1) in /usr/local/www/data-dist/naub/wp-includes/functions.php on line 3721