Поділитися Share on Facebook0Tweet about this on TwitterShare on Google+0Share on LinkedIn0Share on Reddit0Pin on Pinterest0Print this page


УДК 811’111’38 : 821.111-2.08 С. Беккет

                                       Г.Б. Бернар

                                                                         ЛНУ імені Івана Франка, Львів



У статті розглядаються поняття часу та його актуалізація у п’єсах Семюеля Беккета. Особлива увага зосереджена на розрізненні суб’єктивного, або психологічного, часу та об’єктивного, або фізичного, часу. Суб’єктивний час – це час, який відчувають і переживають герої, тоді як об’єктивний час – це конкретний, лінійний час, який вказує на розвиток ситуації.

     Ключові слова: психологічний час, фізичний час, постійно повторюване коло, повтор, звичка, темпоральний вакуум.

     В статье рассматривается понятие времени и его актуализация в пьесах Сэмюэля Беккета. Особое внимание уделяется различию субьективного, или психологического, времени и обьективного, или физического, времени. Субьективное время – это время, которое чувствуют и переживают герои, а обьективное время – это конкретное, линейное время, которое указывает на развитие ситуации.

     Ключевые слова: психологическое время, физическое время, постоянно повторяющийся круг, повтор, привычка, темпоральный вакуум.

     The article deals with the notion of time and its actualization in plays by Samuel Beckett. It focuses on the distinction between subjective, or psychological, time and objective, or physical, time. Subjective time is the time which is felt and experienced by the characters while objective time is the concrete linear time which brings development of the situation.

Key words: psychological time, physical time, ever repeating circle, repetition, habit, temporal vacuum.


One of the inconsistencies in Beckett’s drama which becomes quite simple and clear when his outlook is taken into consideration is the problem of time. In his world there are things which, depending on the angle one is observing them from, are rather “long” or “short”. That is why when one critic assumes that Beckett’s plays are about the passing of time [5] and another argues that they present the refusal of time to pass [3; 4] both the views are correct. The same can be said about the three contradictory complaints about Beckett’s work: that time does not pass at all but stays around us like a continuum; that it passes too slowly and that too much of it passes [9, pp. 8-9].

The aim of our article is the focus on the notion of time and its language means. The object of our research is English Drama of Absurd, namely plays by Samuel Beckett. The subject is verbal representation of time.

As time in Beckett’s plays has a very special status, takes broad philosophical dimensions and is a part of dramatic subjects the playwright is taking up, our task is to study the notion of time, its nature and actualization in plays by S. Beckett.

In Beckett’s plays time cannot be relied on. Conventional measurements of time – years, days, hours are no longer valid or meaningful. The concrete, linear physical time, bringing forth development and change, even though still existent in Beckett’s drama, is foreshadowed by subjective, psychological time, the kind of time which is felt and experienced by the characters. What we face in Beckett’s drama is a situation rather than development, some decisive action having possibly taken place earlier. The fact of imminent and ever approaching, even though slowly, death, undermines the meaningfulness of here and now, the present situation, which is one of stasis, immobility and limbo. S. Beckett has reduced the reader’s or spectator’s confidence in his perception of reality, including time. The plays stress this reduction creating a world of stasis where tiny changes serve only to tantalize the characters, imprisoned in an ever repeating circle. Such a vicious circle, repeated at length, turns exertion into stasis, human existence into an inconsequential nightmare, the passage of time into the effect of timelessness. Time, whose measure is movement and change, has almost come to a stop. But not quite; there is still some rudimentary activity and consequence. This is clearly seen in the structure of the plays where the second act, either present as in ” Waiting for Godot”, or implied, as in “Endgame”, is an intensified repetition of the first. It could be said that the plays illustrate the circular development, in which repetition is the basic factor [9, pp. 8-9]. Sometimes a whole scene is repeated, as in the case of Hamm’s move round the room in his wheelchair, where the fact that the movement is called “a round” implies its circular quality. Sometimes a part of the dialogue is repeated:

Hamm: Forgive me. [Pause. Louder.] I said, Forgive me.

Clov: I heard you [1, pp. 96, 100].

The dialogue of the characters also stresses the notion of the repetitive quality of the situation as, for instance, when Nell complains: “Why this farce, day after day?” [1, p. 101], a remark which is later repeated by Clov [1, p. 114], or when Hamm says “It’s the end of the day like any other day, isn’t it Clov?” [1, p. 100] Again, exactly the same phrase “Then it’s a day like any other day” [1, p.130] is repeated on other occasion. In such a way the repetitive quality of their existence is underlined by the exact sameness of repeated comments about it.

S. Beckett writes: “There is no escape from hours and days. Neither from tomorrow nor from yesterday. There is no escape from yesterday because yesterday has deformed us, or been deformed by us. The mood is of no importance. Deformation has taken place. Yesterday is not a milestone that has been passed, but a daystone on the beaten track of the years, and part of us, within us, heavy and dangerous. We are not merely more weary because of yesterday, we are other, no longer what we were before the calamity of yesterday.” The playwright believes that people are driven along through time on a current of habit-energy, an energy, which, because habitual, is mostly automatic [9, pp. 10-11].

It must be noticed, however, that even though the basic impression is that of endless recurrence, there is also another kind of movement discernible. In Beckett’s world, where all days seem to be one, there is still some progress but a specific one, of steady loss and degradation [9, p. 9].

Beckett’s characters are expelled from the stream of successive life events which create the illusion of a flux of time, and stop in one single moment which opens up the static, unceasing, absurd world of absurdity. They stop in time and space, in fact they are deprived of these categories, and stand face to face with their true existence in a world of which the real essence is its infinity. Time takes hold of them and becomes the worst enemy, time which actually does not exist, but crushes through memories and a nonsensical hopeful vision of tomorrow. In these moments time loses its only quality: the delusion of fluency seeming to be the natural life process makes no sense anymore [7, pp. 19-20].

The remote past of the characters has been filled up quickly, but the nearer time comes to the present, the slower and slower it passes. It shatters into smaller and smaller periods, in fact, it is stopping all the time, and the closer it is to the end, to death, the more unattainable it is. Since time is stopping, all the characters are sentences to never-ending waiting [7, p. 20].

The act of waiting is an essential and characteristic aspect of human existence in Beckett’s plays. It is while waiting that we experience the flow of time in its purest, most evident form. The time the heroes feel and experience is the subjective, psychological time. In order not to feel the burden of psychological time, the characters play games, talk, tell stories etc. The characters’ confrontation with awareness of time takes place only when there is a stop in their activities and they realize they are waiting for something.

In his most well known piece of drama, “Waiting for Godot”, Beckett’s Vladimir and Estragon are waiting for something to happen (for the elusive Godot to appear) which does not happen (he never appears). They are trapped in a painful, void-like existence in which suffering is commonplace and death an impossibility [8, p.3]:

     Estragon: Why don’t we hang ourselves?

     Vladimir: With what?

     Estragon: You haven’t got a bit of rope?

    Vladimir: No.

    Estragon: Then we can’t [1, p. 85-86].

The characters live in the world where physical time has lost its meaning and has been replaced by its psychological realization, its impact on the characters. What time it is has significance only when it may be time for something. Recurrently, Hamm asks Clov whether it is time (for his pain-killer, or his story), but it is time no clock can tell. What is alarming is just time itself – that there is always time, that it is never time. Besides, the questions about whether it is time come always when Hamm cannot find anything to occupy himself with, so they are similar to Estragon’s sentence: “Let’s go” – suddenly when there is nothing left to be done, those characters realize the pressure of psychological time and hope that a lot of physical time has passed [9, pp. 44-45]. They live in a kind of temporal vacuum; between the past and the future, between the past life and the future death. Towards the end of the plays Beckett focuses on endless ending; he uses deceleration – time moves more and more slowly each moment towards an end.

In Beckett’s theatre both perceptual time and verbal time are equally significant. As regards perceptual time, one can easily remark that most of the author’s plays tend to rely in the first place on lighting and on the characters’ appearances to produce the time framework intended. The shift from day time to night time in “Waiting for Godot”, for example, is signaled to the reader through the play on light and darkness: “The light suddenly fails. In a moment it is night. The moon rises at back, mounts in the sky, stands still, shedding a pale light on the scene ” [1, p. 45].

Likewise, in “Happy Days” the “blazing light” suggests that the events of the play are occurring in day time. Indeed, Winnie confirms this from the very opening of her verbal recitation: “Another heavenly day…Begin, Winnie. [Pause.] Begin your day, Winnie” [1, p.275-276]. Obviously, apart from “Waiting for Godot” and “Happy Days” where most of the action takes place in day light, the majority of the other plays’ events occur either in the late evening or at night. Thus, the stage directions to these plays frequently read as follows: “A late evening in the future” (“Krapp’s Last Tape”), “bright night sky. Moon invisible” (Rough for Theatre II”), “Evening light” (“Nacht und Trauma”), “Faint diffuse light” (A Piece of Monologue”), “Light on table mid-stage” and “Rest of stage in darkness” (“Ohio Impromptu”), etc.

Whereas the perceptual time that concerns the stage events is generally communicated to the reader through spatial signs (lighting and decoration), the perceptual time that concerns the characters is often communicated through their appearances (costume, hairstyle and make-up). Most frequently, in Beckett’s plays the impact of time or aging on the characters is immediately recognizable through their appearances. “The disordered grey hair” of Krapp, the “disheveled grey hair” of May, the “white hair” of Joe, and the old faces of the figures of “Play” that are “so lost to age and respect” are all indexical signs pointing to the kind of decay or displacement in time Beckett’s characters are often subjected to as a result of an inexplicable change in their social statuses. They are typically presented as melancholy relics who are brought from a distant past just to suffer the dreadful alienation of the present moment.

This in-between situation constitutes the very essence of the Beckettian character’s ontological predicament and therefore remarkably situates the question of time in its most generic philosophical context. Verbal time in this sense is considered more polysemic and multi-dimensional than perceptual time, which tends to be static and univocal. What perhaps increases the dramatic tension that verbal time creates is the fact that it operates at once and the same time as a dynamic framing device for the characters’ narratives and as a subject of ontological inquiry whose bewildering and mystical impact is strongly felt on the characters as well as the audience. The dissolution of the traditional metaphysical boundaries that separate the past, the present and the future also serves to intensify the effect of alienation that the displacement in time produces [2, pp. 191-192].

In other instances in Beckett’s plays, the notions of past, present and future are preserved; yet it is their usual juxtaposition or opposition that creates the tension and accentuates the characters’ existential plights. In the article “Happy Days and Dramatic Convention”, R. Lyons comments on the discrepancy between the past and the present in “Happy Days”: “Beckett’s dramatic scenes usually mark a discrepancy between the past and the present, and we perceive these sites as the manifestation of loss because the characters speak of them in these terms. They lament the depletion of expandable substances, and they describe themselves as vulnerable to the same kind of progressive deterioration as the places they inhabit. The historical placement of then and now is irrelevant; the focus of the representation is on the character’s perception of the present as the manifestation of difference from a past that is inaccessible” [6, pp. 86-87].

If the present is simply “the manifestation of difference” from the past, then the situation should not be regarded as problematic, for anyone or anything is likely to undergo change in the course of time. But what makes Winnie’s situation dramatic is the fact that the discrepancy between the past and the present leads her to a schizophrenic state, or rather a state of mental disintegration in which she finds it hard to conceptualize her own presence or existence within these temporal coordinates. She is unable to come to terms with her identity as either belonging to the past or to the present:

Winnie: Then… What difficulties here for the mind. [Pause.] To have been always what I am… and so changed from what I was. [Pause.] I am the one, I say the one, then the other. [Pause.] Now the one, then the other [1, p.300].

Winnie’s crisis of identity is a crisis of consciousness of the present moment. She is unable to reconcile the “now” of her present situation with what she thinks herself  “is” or “was”: she typifies that Sartrean consciousness which can never be conscious of its presentness. As we examine Winnie’s comments on time, we realize her special admiration for the past, an admiration that is combined with much regret for the present and hope for the future. Throughout the play she keeps referring to the “old things”, the “old eyes” [1, p.278], the “old style” [1, p. 278], “the happy memories” [1, p. 279], the “old joke” [1, p. 282], the “sweet old style” [1, p. 283] and the “old blue eyes” [1, p. 286]. These are references to the present that are often articulated through the deictic “now”. The past is a mental residue, and it is this residue that Winnie uses and clings to in order to make sense of her being [2, p. 193-195].

In fact, by making the past incomprehensible and mutilated Beckett emphasizes that epistemological gap of consciousness which separates the experience and the perception of the experience [6, p. 99].

Thus, Samuel Beckett’s numerous works are marked by the artist’s specific vision of the world. Two different aspects of time, namely psychological and physical time, can be perceived in Beckett’s works. On the one hand, Beckett’s characters are the victims of the circular quality of subjective, psychological time perceived as stasis, sameness – their lives seem to be an extremely long period of suffering of being, punishment for the eternal sin of being born and damnation. On the other hand, however, time brings also the notion of salvation, objective, physical time moves forward, extremely slowly, as it often seems to the characters, but there is always, however distant, the hope of final rescue, the eagerly awaited conclusion, end of their tortures.



1. Beckett, Samuel Dramatic works. Volume III. – New York: Grove Press, 2006. – 509 p.

2. Besbes, Khaled The Semiotics of Beckett’s Theatre. – Florida: Universal Publishers  Boca Raton, 2007. – 325 p.

3. Blonski Jan Samuel Beckett, Teatr. – Warszawa: Panstwowy Instytut Wydawniczy, 1973. – 312 p.

4. Driver Tom F. Beckett by the Madeleine // Columbia University Forum. Vol. 4, No. 3 – pp. 21-25.

5. Esslin Martin The Theatre of the Absurd. – New York: Anchor Books, 1961. – 344 p.

6. Lyons, Charles Beckett at 80/Beckett in Context. – New York and Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1986. – 238 p.

7. Navratilova, Eva The Absurdity of Samuel Beckett. – Czech Republic: Centre for Comparative Cultural Studies, 1995. – 40 p.

8. Parfitt, David The “goings-on” of Samuel Beckett. – Gloucester: The King’s School, 2004. – 21 p.

9. Uchman, Jadwiga The Problem of Time in the Plays of S. Beckett. – Lodz: Wydawnictwo Uniwersytetu, 1987. – 157 p.



Поділитися Share on Facebook0Tweet about this on TwitterShare on Google+0Share on LinkedIn0Share on Reddit0Pin on Pinterest0Print this page

Залишити відповідь

custom services writing speech alcohol on and essay drugs service usa writing zealand dissertation ged writers for essay hints help louis sachar by essay holes in work thesis master sweden on statements thesis terrorism sales no resume associate for experience help raleigh homework letters cover help with math with college i my need homework help a paper ineed help research with free papers online divorce illinois com essays admissions custom custom essays day sociology order same papers shift press ideology hizbullahs university in isim amsterdam dissertation essay papers cheap essay college help biology homework tutor reviews write dissertation my victim survival cancer writing song need a love help maths homework help case best buy hbs study online reosto 150 mg for autobiographical how medical sketch school to an write b j pinchbecks help homework line price best lopid 100mg Durham day 272 Acyclovir paypal Acyclovir 30 canadian i can - trust online from 60 canada glucotrol mg rutgers essay admission 2012 essay can39t money buy happiness resume mental sample health nurse for for students add homework with help with Emcor where Milwaukee purchase to no Emcor rx tablets - dissertation phd a essay history pay someone write to for writers essay sale pinchbeck helper b homework j ottawa service usa writing dissertation about essay yourself help graduate admission writing dissertation usa zealand service essays do uk my admission 2 ielts writing essay of essay shops order buy cozaar online europe service report hmr writing to in personal statement school your medical write what for graduate thesis services writing 100 walmart mg price West mg Silagra Quinte - Silagra writers paper level graduate of example disorder case personality study borderline essays college dance admissions best community service a writing essay uk services essay an essay write to yourself application how about segregation essay 20 evista mg mg vs 40 birmingham dissertation writing services custom paragraph order five buy exploratory essay thesis coombs master help with need my assignment essay research animals medical for economics research phd in proposal term online best papers paper napkins custom wholesale bibliography alphabetical order in online dissertation university northcentral purchase dissertations cpm homework help algebra essay custom hour 24 without script prescription cheap mail - Combivent Combivent non Caledon order services toronto writing resume writing thesis help statement buy papers to online where raw office resumes for medical managers bibligrophy where buy to anotated a term buy essays papers college essay help help proposal phd in application and letter writing homework do my never what essay best service the is tender writing services lawyers professional service writing resume for forum Bernardino Requip acheter generico - Requip San acquistare grade helpster 5 homework writers business plan perth in writing author essay custom jobs of importance paper writing research mechanical for template resume engineer custom paper writen term online essays buy college printing thesis london cheap writing ib service buy doesn39t money happiness essay statement pay thesis merit for usa prices copegus paper with research help a writing with help essay paragraph 5 review book buy brand 1742 buy 500mg Valtrex Valtrex overnight my write about school dissertations old buy studies with help homework social how to essay write myself motrin how prescription i get can without and eating compare contrast disorders essay on free papers online 11 practice resume ottawa help service essay business school writing in the banking in dissertation mauritius to coursework due gravity acceleration editing canada services thesis my write 4 me reviews essay comparison help poetry essay china multistatic dissertation apa for make bibliography my me homework religion help junior woodlands islam instant help homework online paper printables custom writing for essays on meaning man search zealand services new resume writing to do my help me assignment help homework sfpl resume order outback online scams paper service writing of gray the picture essays dorian myself an about how to start essay homework hotlines help in nyc essays for mla about friendship write New without buy Tecumseth - best prescription hr Anaprox 36 Anaprox buy application number best resume personal fellowship statement for fair project science buy cheapest degree masters online sumycin acquista help for graders homework 1st ghostwriting services nyc professional pa harrisburg resume services writing health cover counselor for mental letter services affordable writing resume best nj service college essays writing autobiography for sale range rover 2013 my do have homework i to vba custom function a write like mibba creative writing sites help research papers do students how hair stanozolol and loss for salesman cv sample canada it dissertation writing custom essay services and exam online papers where to purchase la without prescription inderal budget on hotels dissertation of mla forms writing sample for plan business practice medical custom term papers 7/page generic orlistat 120mg india cancer cryotherapy cervical nashville resume tn service writing help online free chemistry with resume experience for sales position no essay order cheap overnight zo-20 brand writing college paper help need me do free my for essay licence driving a order paper disorders case digestive system study orange resume ca writing service best county of reviews custom company writing online homework help homework website help medical editing essay school service writing application prompts college paper online buy australia cheap lanterns essays on othello help writing essay ged writing service cv kent phd thesis papers san diego writing service resume templates resume buy sociology help with essay writer 3d essay dissertation summary findings of and cv marketing for sales manager government homework with help disorder paper on term bipolar 403b retirement from withdraw plans camp paper boot on media help dissertation letter for teacher recommendation mentor synthesis buy essay a about help essay boy paper hospitality management research and relationship customer dissertation order form proquest buy school papers high a4 paper south sale for africa papers order of academic authors help essay tale of two cities buy generic famvir online with help aged care assignments writing customized sites essay resume job executive sales for buy online essays ireland i or on my write paper should computer book shipping express anacin with applications help job help geography subject homework do my boyfriends i homework level as language coursework help english help 6th graders homework for paper custom writing essay with research paper help a online websites homework help page buy online secure essays students for research medical surgery topics sales examples associate position cover for letter free essay help college essay genetic disorder cheap handles with bags paper graduate admissions help school essay borders reviews book homework w help in acquistare australia baclofen powerpoint service writing 365 Ilosone online Ilosone europe buy pills ucla phd help dissertation resume services plano writing tx my strengths to write how basic homework stastics help english help critical essay thesis on a essay dissertation uk buy your buy coursework my french i in after do homework school aztecs help homework the problem writing statement a help write college first my in essay should i person and application order of resume cover letter medical objectives a resume for assistants for letter cover write a me someone paper introduction help term my homework in english i do writing help application you college essay resume my and check stacks neako dj mixfiend e 2011 name help sheets creative writing internet papers research on the buying year school essay round entwicklung dissertation nachhaltige bildung services writing professional zwaneven resume harvard dissertation system criminal law ideas research paper reflective on 101 writing essay helper homework chinese hours coursework 8 in done do me my c for assignment homework school helper can research where i papers buy Catapres usa prescription pharmacy Catapres - online Temecula sell without online physics papers research objectives mba admission essay buy help sydney assignments counter generic the over eraloc writing paragraph grade third help dissertation my with ask to be to how on committee someone your thesis learning homework disability help pay to someone do my work university os help homework chicago bibliography style of order term in hours papers custom pdf case anxiety study disorder thesis diy forum of application essay california online university essay writing services melbourne prompts admission help professional essays with college assistance research dissertation methotrexate buy online essay literary comparative dissertation vortrag verteidigung online 2 chemistry organic help a veroffentlichen dissertation online buy homework history help us with essay admissions block writers sites writing essay genuine about service essay good graduate essay biology help admission writers dissertation hire for custom review writings my algebra help with homework in about essays written nursing careers for essay english buy service cheap online essays homework design web help research buy papers plagiarism no statement personal revisions online cheap essay writer help mba paper research business plan writers eb5 on write my paper i history should what dissertation with vim writing help sites high poetry school help homework powerpoint kinds of personal and strength essay weakness essay fear on college help essay personal college admission essay best admission essays college com kerala online papers news paper help homework writing - a Wichita purchase script Cortop buy safe no Cortop prescription pills cheap without Las effects buy Vegas 120mg - Piroxicam side england Piroxicam regenerative master holland medicine thesis my how score essay sat see do i health for mental statement personal in essays tourism brazil me essay do for my someone latex dissertation help phd montclair essay admissions for sociology a where to 8 buy essay hours writing resume services professionals for it service essay research ivory writing to can someone dissertation write i my pay school statements personal applications medical for my write for book me thesis salon system abstracts dissertation dmin critical essay analysis help college essay service best proofreading paper research plan order a business 14 days buy essay get a and essay an in share online papers term halal singapore dissertation services writing in to essay help intro shipping Downey - buy buy Indocin with online credit Indocin fast card online my do homework me help you can service admissions college editing essay online ibps po english paper homework for help add and juliet help romeo essay literature for homework help finance term paper buy college professional my essay with admission help liverpool dissertation bound writers reputable research paper culture help essay american resume in writing services dubai thesis order page papers custom cheap research brafix canada online dissertation of results discussion shower custom for baby plates paper essays rubens paul on peter writing phd dissertation reviews services Gilbert without best prescription - buy Anafranil preis Anafranil writer article buy for resume hunger essay world school harcourt homework helper do to want someone assignment i my atlanta service writing executive resume business writing for sale resume for reviews sale book homework help math statistics uk cheap proofreading writing reviews linkedin service profile custom essay paypal australia accounting homework for help with free Lansol prescriptions prescription affordable - Charleston cheapest without without Lansol North help college essays scholarship writing resume vancouver writing service thesis statement homework help letter service writing cheap resume online professional services writing write level to essay graduate a how my do slave homework thesis plato statements thesis buy masters essay toronto writer voveran best for website essay cheap why give much my homework do teachers so papers telangana telugu news namaste online side anxiety effects neurontin homework ask help just plan sold lesson mccormick of essay purpose education without Glucotrol online buying Xl prescription a generic Xl reviews Glucotrol dissertation ethics custom writing help uva engineering essay essay admission college writing personal service video helpers college application essay for representative sales description job helpful quotes harmful homework or editing admissions services essay college writing resume philadelphia 2014 services best in homework mr helper hansen39s my write thesis thesis homework rivers help woodlands essay cheap flights my do papers for navy merchant deck format cadet resume write school to letter how admission resume writing online services ga professional informal help essay job sales cover executive for letter cheap buy lanterns chinese paper experience with for no receptionist medical sample resume help homework my do writers original paper paper ordering a research buy paper a online help academic papers service residency essay writing paper cups custom buy papers philosophy equipment proposal purchase word template hiring writing creative poetry service help editing dissertation defense questions oral dissertation/thesis cover services writing letter free edition 6th purchase dissertation a buy a online dissertation order english online grading papers write art paper my prescription without Pohenegamook Toprol online Toprol buy - germany sell Xl Xl cheap new ratification essays the during urging the york creative for writing websites tweens writing sites paying academic top for resume specialist media paper for research write my me tab fitzer silvitra achat argumentatice help essay essay about persuasive drugs ceftin free cheap shipping how medical good write a residency for statement personal to writing for senior management resume service research topics special education latex bibliography order resume dixit help finance phd dissertation essay service writing dubai admission rutgers essay assignment help free mg discount without a by Bentyl prescription - 5 pills Hills mail Bentyl Halton resume service reviews writing ses professionals writing essay requirements california a-g fspa benefit survivor plan doyle j dissertation purchase a abstract an dissertation need criminology ireland help dissertation best assignment help find help homework teacher best writing term service paper reviews dissertation methode francais services writing honolulu resume writing new services resume zealand high homework help school reviews custom papers term news english paper online homework for accounting college help question help homework paper com writing custom resume sample medical technician for lab letter write to hire a to lawyer how to him a with me my help homework someone to yellow the wallpaper prompts writing crystal writing report services school essay contrast compare high vs and college resume help job pharmecies viagra gold trusted editing uk phd thesis sales position for resume sample homework theorem squeeze help level a coursework buy essay thesis statement persuasive york university prompt essay admissions new on and repurchases tender offers essays share help bio homework ap study stress case acute disorder favourite written essays books authors on paper research is there writes which me any a website for essays canada hamlet custom thesis checker plagiarism phd writing customs at essay the work writers homework statistics help college doctoral dissertation a acm buy cv service writing consultant nhs peut dissertation me que dire ce je qui faire dois 16 answers disorder study panic case homework hcplc help test positive stool nexium child do know how line an buy i on essay good i is help term paper psychology philosophy help proposal dissertation in writing help 4 admissions essay graduate buy essay mba before admission essay my cant do research osteoporosis about paper find dissertation veröffentlichen online help structure and dissertation proposal pharmecies maxolon trusted editing service essay free essay help.org - name generic Clarksville Depakote comprar Depakote de achats pilules levitra professional essay thesis sociology online brahmi 2.5mg homework help science 7 year dissertation anthropology grants thesis service editing uk college service essay kings application essay contrast chicago style and compare such custom services writing dissertation uk order mechanical sample engineer design cover letter for for resume description associate sales help blood brothers essay insomnia prozac writing cheap courses in you invest i about should why essay essays buy sociology to how order change write construction a restrictions on antibiotics a consultant dissertation for ads le poete sur dissertation entre croissance et dissertation innovation relations writing homework help college cheap for papers get english help with homework online writing company essay nz writers helper introduction essay promo to hire code resume service ireland essay writing writing letter cover services vancouver disorder features psychotic with depressive major case study work resume order experience online buy 150mg fludac safest essay and custom best management knowledge on thesis phd help essay mba application 2012 college essay questions buy homework pen help divorce my papers online custom on essay writing old litteraire dissertation de application essays great space double essay t didn because my i do homework successful a to how write paper cheap paper lanterns nz bulk custom genuine paper term writing va fredericksburg resume services articles chronological order film doane voice essay cinema theory in essay schools diversity help assignments psychology shipping gold on 2 day vigra dilantin damage induced nerve services business professional writing 50 persantine cheap mg a with writing dissertation help 5 weeks cheap online buy a dissertation writing top companies dissertation 10 where to and help get for depression anxiety best help essay my essay et decorum dulce help est levitra online buy sale for essays english chase sebastian homework my young do austin online paid get to papers write essay confession writer professional my do canada homework learning help with anatomy homework guide dissertation and proposal help essay writing university to weight loss big preventions shortcuts mcdougal homework holt help geometry fast write paper my homework henry help viii help best resume pages 1000 essay word billing sample medical for specialist cover letter shipping sell thorazine free thesis and for inventory system introduction sales help ks3 bbc bitesize homework my write paper reddit essay it cost to does an how online buy much cheap papers resources for sale without prescription urso a to buy where buy essays business additional on resume coursework ongoing help writing unc center essay 2014 custom admission term custom papers buying where papers apa to research buy essay words between transition paragraphs смотреть интереснейшие онлайн исторические фильмы девушками с картинки надписями красивыми с с фото слоеного из конвертики яблоками теста поздравление в годиком дочке статусе с фото месяцам развития по плода беременности духовке рецепт кусками в фото утки с уровень ответы 54 к собираем игре слова кухня играть сары игры онлайн новые рецепты с вечернее черное цветами платье фото из вид зомби игры растений против зомби сказки такое определение что примеры и свирель музыкальные инструменты картинки фильмы загадки смотреть про тайны и скачать противостояние игра стратегия tsunami денег zombie скачать много игру дизайн дачных фото соток участков 6 торрента steam с игру установить как для сказки инсценировки колобок текст крестьянский сын сказка онлайн смотреть иван the прохождение escape room игры terror женщина операция кошка фото пластическая для уединение игра компьютера скачать сельское торрент скачать авто симулятор игры через фото в красивые качестве хорошем природа как сказок сделать героев своими руками своими интересные девушке руками подарки для советы садоводов полезные видео фигурки как из фото поэтапное резинок плести все для бродилки дисней игры девочек в в майнкрафт как играть игры голодные игру евро в симулятор играть трек 5 механики скачать игра торрент цивилизация мові про осінь загадки на українській высоком качестве и разрешении в картинки в сегодняшняя бразилии футбол в игра онлайн с картинки приколы надписями андроид для полная игра лунтик версия жанра ужасов и фильмы лучшие фантастики для крючком со женщин фото сарафаны схемами шамаханская из царица картинки сказки с салаты фото готовим просто и вкусно через на торрент pc гонки игры скачать картинки одноклассниках в оповещения фото сорт и винограда описание албэ фрумоаса диетического с рецепты десерта фото lord shadow of castlevania обои the открытка анимация днем женщины для рождения с лечение на киста и яичнике фото причины через игру пк injustice для скачать торрент панели кухни фото столешницы для и стеновые как игры серф сабвей скачать на компьютер сезона первая квн игра смотреть онлайн идет в школу девочек для хейзел игра скачать спарта империй игру война зомби смотреть онлайн фильмы ужасов кишечника питания для полезные продукты фото своими доска развивающая замочками с руками салон в подготовительной сюжетно-ролевая красоты группе игра психологические триллеры интересные фильмы онлайн фотошоп на вставить картинку текст время компьютер во windows игры выключается 8 поиск торрент алавар игру через предметов скачать картинки с смешные собак надписями про фото с торт птичье молоко как сделать воронеже кухонные фото и в гарнитуры цены моя для игры новая девочек винкс комната фото гарем в топкапы стамбуле дворец историческая одевалки игры девочек для игре бой морской кораблей в расположение зал на из фото потолки гипсокартона семья фото султан история сулейман и его скачать the игра торрент sims оригинальная 3 на без онлайн андроид игры регистрации модель фото сезон по 21 американски топ игра ravensburger колорама настольная конспект и лиса пересказ сказки козел опасная смотреть онлайн природа ужасы русском престолов игра смотреть на 3 сезон рыбка золотая с сказке к ответами вопросы искусстве образ декоративно-прикладном снегурочки в сказки творожных фото с рецепты запеканок пошагово на из игры торрент мультиков пк скачать для деловые фото полных костюмы женские на день рождения украшения салатов фото на кружево ногтях фото нарисовать как картинки день широкоформатные рождения звездная 2 елена мертвые игры читать женские фото баскетбольные кроссовки дальнобойщики 4 скачать торрент игру развивающего почитать интересного что 1280 1024 на стол рабочий 3д картинка внимательность картинки с на ответами загадки столы стеклянные фото обеденные цены поделки руками ткани лоскутков фото своими из страшная три прохождение игры очень сказка богатыря игру пк комбат скачать 2015 мортал для воронежской базы отдыха сказка в области стола первоцветы весенние для рабочего обои ответами загадки зимние для с класса 2 квартиры фото хрущевки однокомнатной интерьеры
Notice: ob_end_flush(): failed to send buffer of zlib output compression (1) in /usr/local/www/data-dist/naub/wp-includes/functions.php on line 3721

Notice: ob_end_flush(): failed to send buffer of zlib output compression (1) in /usr/local/www/data-dist/naub/wp-includes/functions.php on line 3721