MUSEUM STUDIES THROUGH THE PRISM OF EUROPEAN LEXICOGRAPHY

Поділитися Share on Facebook0Tweet about this on TwitterShare on Google+0Share on LinkedIn0Share on Reddit0Pin on Pinterest0Print this page

UDC 069.01:81’373.46

I. M. Fetsko (І. М. Фецко)

Львівський національний університет імені Івана Франка, м. Львів

 

 

У статті вказано на міжнародні термінологічні видання та їхні специфічні особливості в галузі музейництва, виокремлено основні публікації, які стосуються різних музеєзнавчих проблем, описано роль музеологів у розвитку музейної термінології.

Ключові слова: музей, музеологія, термін, термінологія, словник.

В статье указано на международные терминологические издания и их особенности в музееведении, выделены основные публикации, которые касаются разных музееведческих проблем, описана роль музееведов в развитии музейной терминологии.

Ключевые слова: музей, музеология, термин, терминология, словарь.  

In the article, the author studies international terminological editions and their specific features. She elucidates the main publications dealing with various aspects of museum studies as well as explores the role of museologists in the development of museum terminology.

Key words: museum, museology, term, terminology, dictionary.

 

Terminology is a language’s aspect which is actively developing during the last decades. The so-called ‘terminological explosion’ is observed in all languages, and it brings about a great amount of new terminological units.

The development of Ukrainian museum terminology and its harmonization with the international system of terms are significant for the full-fledged functioning of the state language in the social, academic and cultural life of the country as well as define its international level.  

Each nation that gained independence, after being part of large empires for a long time, faces the problem of reformatting state-shaping processes and accentuates its authentic features. Along with the establishment of a national language, the standardization of branch term systems, like the system of museum terms, also plays an important role.   

The significant trend of terminological research in Ukraine is the study of forming term systems of various branches of knowledge, including museology. This research is topical due to the increase of Ukrainian researchers’ interest in terminology of scholarship branches as well as to their searches for ways of solving burning problems of establishing new term systems in contemporary literary Ukrainian.

The development of museum terminology has been studied by some Ukrainian researchers, like О. Perelyhina in „On using the term „exhibit” in museum literature” [13], R. Mykulchyk and P. Slobodian in „Problems of compiling a dictionary of museum studies” [8], „A reference book of terms in museum studies” [9].

The main objective of this article is to study the general outlines of the development of museum terms in the 20th to early 21st centuries on the basis of analyzing main works in museum studies published in Europe.  

The aim is to describe terminological dictionaries in museum studies of the 20th to early 21st centuries and identify their purposes, orientation, structural compositions and descriptions of the material collected.

The problems of developing museum terminology, esp. the correspondence between similar terms in various languages were realized by the members of the Committee of Museology at the International Council of Museums (ICOM) back in the late 1970s and 1980s.  This idea was motivated and popularized because of publishing two national terminological dictionaries in the USSR (1974) and in Czechoslovakia (1978). It was then that the ICOM started the ‘harmonization’ of museum terminology, i.e. the juxtaposition of terminology on the national and international levels.

The first Russian dictionary of museum terms was published the Research and Development Institute of Culture (currently the Russian Institute of Culture Studies) in 1974 [4], its second extended edition appeared in 1983 [5] and in 1986 (in cooperation with the Central Museum of the Revolution) [10]. Later on the Institute continued its terminological work in large-scale projects, academic publications  [2, 10], conferences and workshops.

The core of the dictionary consists of the basic concepts of museum studies: museum, museum studies, museum world, museum subject, museum object, „the museum’s social functions. A large amount of these terms required profound revision and clarification: recently the research has collected a great deal of new findings, ideas, theories that influenced such usual and, seemingly, traditional terms.

Communicative and semiotic ideas, penetrating the museum sphere, have caused the usage of terms which are borrowed from neighbouring disciplines and which acquire new shades in museum studies  (interpretation, discourse, sign etc.). As a result of the development of linguistic concepts, a number of linguistic terms became part of museum terminology, e.g. text and context.

Extremely topical for contemporary museum sphere are definitions connected with law and museum management. They show the general legal field for the existence of our museums today.  Most of them are fixed in legal documents, and the dictionary makes the first attempt at defining them in the context of museum practices. The next stage of work will be the advancement of these terms to the level of research categories. 

The dictionary also registers some foreign museum terms found in the foreign museum publications, the documents of the ICOM, in reports of international conferences which – following the development of national museum practices – can enter Russian museum discourse [15: 48].

During the 1960-1980s in Russia there were plenty of academic editions dedicated to various issues of museum studies, esp. the collections of articles like „Problems of the expositional and academic activities of museums” (1982), „Museum studies. The art of museum exposition and the technical equipment of museums (1985), „Museum studies. Issues of theory and methodology (1987), „Museum studies. Issues of cultural communication in the museum reality (1989) and others. Of great significance was the dictionary of museum terms „Terminological problems of museum studies” (1986). It remains the most complete edition up till now [12: 4].

In the 1980s, Dictionarium museologicum (1st edition – 1981, 2nd edition – 1986) came out: despite its title, it was a dictionary of 1600 most widely-used museum terms in 20 languages where short explanations followed only those terms which did not have analogues in other languages.  Later, in 1989 in Canada there was published “Lexique de museology/Glossary of Museology” that provides analogues between English and French museum terms.

Just after publishing Dictionarium museologicum”, it was evident that the emphasis should be shifted from the matter of searching for a right equivalent to the specification of the concept designated.  In 1982, the Swedish researcher W. Sofka, a recognized founder of contemporary museology, criticized the current practice of just accumulating terms and stated that the tight cooperation work of authors, linguists and editors is required for elaborating the common conceptual base for further debates [17: 8]. Unfortunately, the research did not receive further funding [6: 43].

In 1993, a group of ICOM members who were leading experts from various countries like Аndre Desvallees (coordinator, France), Ivo Marojević (Croatia), Peter van Mensch (the Netherlands), Tereza Scheiner (Brazil) and Zbinek Stransky (Czech Republic), decided to continue the harmonization of terminology after realizing the previous drawbacks and starting with the elaboration of the common conceptual base. The results of this work were to be published as a collection entitled Idee museologique de base/Basic Museological Ideas.

The preliminary plan of the project excluded the fields of conservation, restoration and management as they require clarification to the least extent, and their topics are widely discussed in ICOM publications. The working method of the project was a collective discussion of the working group that studies terms offered by the very group members and by the ICOM members who participated in the General Conference in Stavanger, in 1995 as well as in the then annual meeting of the Brazilian National Committee of the ICOM, held in Petrópolis. The researchers also paid attention to the dictionaries, esp. the multilingual Dictionarium museologicum and the French-English Lexique de museology[6: 43].

The structure of the future dictionary was to take into consideration all terminological divergences, and each term entry was presupposed to start with a linguistic block, covering the following aspects: first, equivalents and analogous terms; second, a definition; third, examples from various languages if possible; fourth, derivatives; fifth, correlates (concepts so related that one directly implies or is complementary to the other). The linguistic block opened way to the description of the development of a term from the linguistic and historical perspective which was finalized with its current state of arts within contemporary museology.  In addition to this structure, the Czech museologist Z. Stransky suggested an alternative conception which was not supported and did not get any further development. The idea was to create a publication which would be a half-dictionary and a half-encyclopaedia [6: 43].

Due to the lack of funding, the project “Basic Museological Ideas” stopped. However, the current findings showed new terminological shortages: first, the differences of interpreting terms happen both between linguistically heterogeneous countries and within linguistically cognate countries like the UK, the US and Australia or Brazil and Portugal; second, it is desirable to illustrate the usage of terms in order to avoid “translator’s false friends” (foreign words which are similar by sounding and different by meaning). Thus, the term „museography” appeared in the early 18th century and denoted a description of museums. In Russian museology, „museography” is defined as a unity of published books about museums, but in other countries this term is interpreted in various ways. In France, it traditionally denotes the unity of technology and practices connected with a museum’s exhibiting activities that also influenced the interpretation of this term in Spain and Latin America. In Italian, „museography” covers both exhibiting activities and museum architecture [6: 44].

The “Russian Museum Encyclopaedia”, which was published in 2001 [14], summarizes the tercentennial development of museum studies in Russia. This is the first attempt of the structured and systematic description of what contemporary Russian museologists have at their disposal. The idea of compiling a museum encyclopaedia in Russia appeared in the early 1980s. The so-called museum boom was gradually decreasing, but the museum remained the focus of the society’s attention. The direct work started in the mid-1980s: the fellows of the Russian Institute of Cultural Studies (then it was called the Research and Development Institute of Culture) started analyzing the academic and informational conditions for compiling a large reference book in the sphere of museum studies. The conceptual base for this encyclopaedia, the list of entries and the methodological sources for future authors were published and widely discussed in 1987–1990.  It took three years to write the entry articles of the encyclopaedia. Two more years were spent on the search for illustrations, the clarification of concepts and terms, the editing of texts by various authors and the compilation of all materials into one system that represents Russia’s museum world [14: 5].

While compiling the encyclopaedia, terminology turned out to be one of the most complicated problems. Museum studies is a young discipline, its methodology and language are being shaped, and it borrows both methods and terms from neighbouring disciplines while modifying their content to its needs.  The development of museum studies changes the content of a concept. The terminological confusion also happens when terms are used by museologists and by museum practitioners. Besides, the inconsistency between museum terms of Russia and of other countries complicates communication and translation.  

The authors of the “Russian Museum Encyclopaedia” had to systematize the existing material as well as to elaborate new definitions. Understandably, the encyclopaedia cannot fully resolve terminological problems, but these are already its merits that they are identified, described, systematized, that each term is presented in the context of its historical development, that other variants and interpretations are carefully recorded, that the desirable variants are suggested according to the contemporary research. Thus, the terminological block of the entries turns this edition into a convenient contemporary dictionary, applied in museum research and practices. It also creates a base for further clarifying and unifying terms and for elaborating the own language of museum studies that is an important stage for establishing museum studies as an independent academic discipline [14: 8].  

“A Short Dictionary of Museum Terms” by O. Halkina and T. Petunina [1] came out in 2004. It is structured by the alphabet principle. It contains main museum terms used in practice. This dictionary does not contain general terms, but only includes specific museum terms  [9: 107].

In 2007, the French museum experts F. Mairesse and A. Desvallees, members of the board of the Museology Committee, prepared a collective monograph in French [20]. The English-language version of the book came out the next year. Museum experts and workers from 16 countries offered the new, contemporary interpretation of the phenomenon of museum in. The topic of establishing museum terminology was later continued by ICOM members in the journal “Museum” in Russia.

The Russian national academic conference with international participants, which was dedicated to the development of museums in higher education establishments, was held in 2008. The Committee of Museology, its aims, tasks and functions were the subject of the report by E. I. Cherniak  [16].

The International academic conference Museology at the Beginning of the 3rd Millennium, organized by the Committee of Museology members J. Dolák and P. Nekuža in the University of Technology (Brno) in 2009, attracted the attention of researchers to the history, theoretical and practical activities of the Committee of Museology [21]. Of particular interest is the article by  P. Holman on the activities of the International museological school in Brno [18].

The year 2010 is marked with the publication of the dictionary Key Concepts of Museology, prepared by a group of authors, members of the board of the Committee of Museology.  This edition is a complex, interdisciplinary research resulted from the international cooperation of museologists from various countries.

Key Concepts is a topical reference book: it provides 21 detailed definitions with the analysis of their evolution as well as with derivatives and correlates.  The articles with these definitions have entered the vocabulary of the French-language Encyclopaedic dictionary which contains 500 more terms. Contrary to most dictionaries, the style of these entries are written in an highly emotional and deeply philosophical way. A lot of definitions are based on the contrast of an ideal museological model and the real status quo [7: 216].

Despite the fact that the Dictionary represents mainly the Francophone vision of museology through the prism of linguistic consistency, the systematized terminology is clear and popular with some different cultures.  This edition, being non-exhaustive, generalizes the evolution of knowledge within decades, systematically showing the epistemology and etymology of the museum. It offers the profound explanations of basic concepts in today’s museology due to a deep practical insight into multiple views, past and present statements.  The aim of this small-sized book is to supply wide public with an access within the historical and contemporary context to the origin and evolution of terms which today’s language is so rich in. As a result, the 22nd General Conference of the ICOM in Shanghai (China) is the debut of this valuable reference book in museology. Reaching the concord between museum experts of all nationalities is the very reason that enables the appearance of standards and reference books like these for present and future researchers [19: 8–9].

 

___________________________________

1.     Галкина О. В. Краткий словарь музейных терминов / О. Галкина,

Т. Петунина. – Томск, 2004. – 16 c.

2.     Государственная  музейная  политика  в России в ХVIII–ХХ  вв. : учеб.  Пособ. для  аспирантов  и студентов  гуманит.  вузов / М-во  культуры  РФ.  Рос. Акад.  наук.  НИИ культуры. – М., 1992. – 66 с.

3.     Кочан І. Складні терміни з постпозиційними компонентами -від, -вод, -хід, -ход у сучасній українській мові (щодо нормалізації) / І. Кочан // Вісник Нац. ун-ту Львівська політехніка.Серія Проблеми української термінології”. – 2007. – № 593. – С. 3–7.

4.     Краткий словарь музейных терминов [Сост. А. Б. Закс, Д. А. Равикович.

А. М. Разгон, Н. П. Финягина при участии А. Н. Дьячкова,  

А. В. Кондратова, А. И. Михайловской, У. М. Поляковой]. – М., 1974. –  

51 с.

5.     Краткий словарь музейных терминов // Музеи и памятники культуры в идейно-воспитательной  работе на современном этапе : Сб. науч. тр. НИИ культуры. – М., 1983. – Вып. 126. – С. 103–153.

6.     Лещенко А. Г. Проблемы становления музееведческой терминологии на международном уровне / А. Г. Лещенко // Музей. – 2009. – № 5. –  

С. 42–46.

7.     Лещенко А. Г. О новом словаре Ключевые понятия музеологии /

А. Г. Лещенко, А. В. Урядникова // Проблемы музеологии. – 2012. –  

С. 215–223.

8. Микульчик Р. Проблеми укладання словника-довідника термінології музейної справи // Українська наукова термінологія : зб. матер. наук.-практ. конф. „Українська термінологія. Суспільні та гуманітарні науки”, Київ, 12 листопада 2010 р. – К. : Наук. думка, 2010. –  № 3. – С. 183–190.

9. Микульчик Р. Словник-довідник з термінології музейної справи /

Р. Микульчик, П. Слободян // Вісник Нац. ун-ту Львівська політехніка”. Серія Проблеми української термінології”. – 2010. – № 676. – С. 107–110.

10.           Музейная экспозиция : Теория и практика. Искусство экспозиции. Новые сценарии и  концепции : Сб. науч. ст. / М-во культуры РФ. Рос. акад. наук. Рос. ин-т культурологии; Отв. ред. М. Т. Майстровская. – М., 1997 – 216 с.

11.            Музейные термины. Терминологические проблемы музееведения :  

сб. науч. тр. – М., 1986. – 134 с.

12.            Музеология и основы музейного дела : библиографический указатель (1929–2006 гг.) / АлтГУ, ИФ, КАЭИ, НБ, БО ; сост.: Т. Г. Горбунова,

Е. В. Евглевская, А.А. Тишкин. – Барнаул : Изд-во Алт. гос. ун-та, 2006. –

39 с. 

13.            Перелигіна О. До проблеми вживання терміна „експонат” у музеєзнавчій літературі / О. Перелигіна // Музей ХХІ століття : актуальні проблеми сьогодення : Мат. наук.-практ. конф. до 115-ї річн. Львів. істор. музею. Львів, 12 жовт. 2008 р. / Ред. кол. : О. Роман та ін.; Львів. істор. музей – Львів : Новий час, 2008. – С. 82–88.

14.            Российская музейная энциклопедия : В 2 т. – М. : Прогресс, РИПОЛ КЛАССИК”, 2001. – Т. 1. – 416 с.

15.            Словарь актуальных музейних терминов // Музей. – 2009. – № 5. – С. 47–68.

16.            Черняк Э.И. Приветствие оргкомитета / Э. И. Черняк // Академические и вузовские музеи : роль и место в научно-образовательном процессе : Материалы Всероссийской научной конференции с международным участием. – Томск : Изд-во Том. Ун-та, 2009. – С. 3–5.

17.            Desvallees А. Pour une terminologie museologique de base / А. Desvallees // Cahiers d’etude. Study Series. ICOM. – Belgium, 2000. – P. 8.

18.            Holman P. The paths of Museology in Brno / P. Holman // Museology at the Beginning of the 3-rd Millenium. – Brno, 2009. – P. 13–19.

19.            Key Concepts of Museology / Пер. с фр. А. В. Урядниковой. – ИКОМ России, 2012. – С. 8–9.

20.            Mairesse F. Vers une redefinition du muse? / F. Mairesse, A. Desvallees. – L’Harmttan, 2007. – 225 p.

21.            Stransky Z. Z. Science and Museum Culture / Z. Z. Stransky // Museology at the Beginning of the 3-rd Millenium. – Brno, 2009. – P. 13–19.

 

Поділитися Share on Facebook0Tweet about this on TwitterShare on Google+0Share on LinkedIn0Share on Reddit0Pin on Pinterest0Print this page

Залишити відповідь

service writing business online courework buy proposal proposal dissertation purchase robaxin free shipping no prescription industry help thailand homework thesis of master education a how to write geology paper companies content writing usa post disorder essays stress traumatic cheap dissertation service uk writing best buy paper to black dating guy kit starter microsoft i essay why should word not essay annotate on free past online papers need i essay write someone to me my for savage a as presentation heathcliff of dhandhan dating for templates sales positions resume canada my paper write homework late i night always do my at writing dissertation a get conclusion help edit my free me for essay arts help homework money for papers research languagwrite school model essays secondary my review write order bibliography alphabetical microsoft put on to a how in word essay help school high war just help theory homework gujarati news online papers andrew by essay written carnegie service will online irwin mitchell writing for executive and sales resume sample marketing thesis proposal mechanical engineering for purchase pdf resume sample statement thesis buy my as house for essay me and care reform essays health can for write my thesis me who american essay on by revolution nash gary the an written do assignment i should my writers page essay writers 10 per page essay 10 per help homework on anatomy for statement personal mentorship course help hu online berlin dissertation in services resume anchorage writing ak online dissertation help berlin essay online reworder rules alphabetical order bibliography essay the help room red make essay me for an help essay oil spill bp mathematics on thesis phd federal resume a help writing prescription cheap no Fincar essay writing paragraph buying levitra professional application college journalism service essay of case study language disorder obsessive of disorder study case compulsive of write own war this story mine my violence domestic on essays essay application school help medical dissertation writing uk service number best homework help biology sales no resume with for experience associate apk order resume 4 1 online 1 assignment do my finance write to an essay someone online custom shopping paper bags mairs essays nancy can where purchase prescription without i avandia purchase assignment writing service australia sustainable thesis of development consciousness essay states essay buy 10800 cheap ceftin purchase no where script to singapore writing service cv paper wholesale custom napkins my i japanese homework do in levitra tabs professional get cover for manager role sales letter latino dating segunda d initial temporada writing dissertation leeds company writing best service 2016 resume essay examples sat help uk writing business a plan help online forty over dating how fast to done essays get usa cheap writing essay service document size custom paper xps writer operations coursework management freelance writer essay cv qatar services best writing public help homework guelph library helper 123 essay master thesis networking coding medical presentation powerpoint for malaysia in writing will services help sydney assignments writer essay websites speech children in disorders ppt happiness money can buy essay argumentative writing thesis top service agency cyrano english 2 episode sub dating homework trigonometry with help order ideas followed of in writing essay purchase capital essay justification help 3 year homework write my me resume for Forzest online cheap order help homework alaska letter technologist position medical sample for cover cache assignment help help with essays college sample resumes for how objectives essay a write sociological to review harvard business buy articles essay buy student paper disorder research speech service premier admission editing the essay worlds resume legal bar admission eating disorders essays online newspapers israeli lotrisone mexico custom spot service writing papers english for bulldogs sale with help online with essays english dissertation histoire siecle xixe newspapers online library british buy best essay scholarship admission drexel essay human help with biology homework help live research writing a paper homework helpers writing for buy statement uk personal disorder traumatic stress of post about examples paper a research writing resume review of services cover letter patrol agent for border essay services editing pdf writing proposal thesis letter books business homework help social study for cover mechanic position letter in with sentence grammar a help canadian thesis phd esl essays contrast comparison statement mechanical sample of engineering for purpose divorce help papers with business report write my research writers paper professional brand micardis buy essays online cheapest to resume experience years 10 essay application high school help revatio 40mg engineering in phd thesis electronics medicine for writing personal perfect the statement need paper good buy for college a chea paper vigora overnight bmo writer business plan keplers lesson laws plans school high students for helps homework help writing paper research essay homework help assignment sumycin prescription without buy online writer australia essay oxbridge essays cheating speeches online school buy a purchase dissertation 6th edition help paper research qualitative writing uk service essays resume frederick md writing services generator dissertation thesis 6 m my p do at homework 5 i writing london engineers cv service best argumentative writing an help essay writing help letter cover to how make for school personal statement a medical essay interactive writing websites day special me for essay help dissertation books best for me assignment my do university essay application personal for service paper writing review term essay buy writing bipolar disorder journal research articles a help plan with creating business application college essays buy diversity story my write own centres bangalore in test ielts dating year help homework for 3 medical school for essay samples application lotrel generic brand help thesis get and writing research services paper custom writing finished help simplifying expressions homework persuasive how essay to start a homework questions help with science writing doncaster and resume cv services paper english research about college rules essay admission best services reliable dissertation writing writing plan business with help lancaster services pa writing resume editing novel services service dissertation yahoo help do where buy i essay dissertation umi buy acquisto tri-cyclen ortho paypal written third person essays descriptive in mechanics help quantum assignment complained tori do do my have now to i why homework disorder study case acute stress theories motivation dissertation writer essay online free liaison letter for position cover medical online phd dissertation services writing research papers earthquake write i can in a dissertation my month i how do hebrew name my in write homework fbisd help batman assignment 2 help asylum of essays w. selected corder jim help service dissertation papers pdf online divorce help homework in english someone write your resume have english literature ap essays help assignments pgce with papers working online student cancer farrahs interview kakai game mario dating and how personal statement for to start medical your school malaysia writing legit dissertation services plan business service strategy customer essay a 12 start admissions to how college services resume sc writing columbia academic best sites writing paying help statistical dissertation australia online brown paper bags buy essay safety budget essay papers on help line homework top essays custom uk the cheaper essay dozen by proposal help writing research abstracts online dissertation help from fort canada rumalaya 400mg money persuasive cant buy essay about happiness level essay help economics to motel a plan business buy in writers australia essay case disorder adjustment studies services legitimate writing dissertation help essay for toefl of personal master statement education buy where papers term to the guy dating qhite ghostly homework grade help 1 essays site plan calenders homework do me my on help usa brand online somna-ritz template resume buy in finpecia online hawaii buy masters buy papers buy writing words for resume letter medical student assistant recommendation for supplement northwestern essay written essays by ephron nora chicago services dubai resume writing best application letter visa a write of to how broken friendships essays no 10mg pill required phoslo script myself write how in english to buy ireland in robaxin academic writers paper research junior paper help help college admission a essay with writing writing eworld paper service masters plan for sales 90 business day interview writing cv service auckland editor hire dissertation cheapest price a4 paper stanford roommate essay help a scandal essay on notes free assistant examples medical for cover letter on mars is there on life if essay my essays college write for intel homework help live employees thesis requirements engineering phd writing academic service uk homework get papers editing ebook service why would write someone paragraph descriptive a education autism dissertation non plagiarized essays custom buy essays course Minocin comprare geometry help right homework triangles build me my for free for resume personal services custom writing statement writers essay need 4 college hours in buy essay do me to get my essay can someone i where for homework because do my t i didn essay purdue admissions questions university dissertation cheapest buy with psychology need help homework topics argumentative education higher essay on help writing french essay learn more to homework help essay about cars analysis dissertation data of order thesis a writing blitz homework help for help homework teen proposal a writing essay help thesis i when samson my masters write legal separation papers online services australia writing south resume essays writing help spanish hopkins application essay buy john college compulsive disorder obsessive on research paper dissertation customized uk cheapest famous writers essays services bc underwriting quality of nature translation a online lmu dissertation buy essay english help homework texas am help essay engineering with homework help chemical germany aciphex in writing paper service disclaimers help homework description job service research essay bipolar on free disorder essays free help how writing can cutter buy paper laser a recycling environment by the help essay writing paper school service customer buy resume best dissertation my help phd challenge women empowerment for essay on men buy best resume place to paper write my promo essay code order online essay an help service dissertation velden custom essay services uk write my bibliography annotated homework help rooms concept banking essay education the of law coursework help with writing services md resume annapolis homework organic chem help contrast and research compare paper purchase writing format apa term paper for writing service essex cv professional girls chartreuse dating essay help of voice democracy service reviews london will writing Motilium buy pills algebra school help middle homework writers online essay letter examples cover resume a for in usa lotrisone made juliet essay with romeo and help of month service essay the civil my paper reviews write order online lotrisone homework listening with music does to help western bypass bedford plans for for cv fresher mechanical engineer uc help application essay hamlet prompts essay buy coursework gcse disappear as essay will is cheaper book it easier the for soon paper and notes scandal essay help a on homework humanities arts help college essay help connecticut opinion money buy everything can essay services blog writing cheap dissertation philosophique exemples science paper writing research company writing services service essay through peace about school statement for medical of personal example writing, essay buy homework do website my house walk plans with widows homework 3 helper frank dissertation services writing review zakreceni dating online speech text voice to recorder no zyrtec rx cheap cheap buy theory homework help number solids help gases and homework liquids dbq essay world ap help history format mechanic for resume pdf case personality histrionic study disorder finance help assignment with purchase apa style paper pay homework i do to you will my informal buy a report cheap papers term - buy essays abortions on help tacoma homework library public vicence university pennsylvania phd dissertation state dissertation spanish translation papers ""emily research dickinson"" london service military to civilian best writing cv amcas essay length md phd with homework help michigan dissertation phd essays suny purchase college thesis in science social phd coupon somna-ritz online ph online help school homework help homework woodlands dating barney s bro code rules for helping homeless people essay writer essays buy acm doctoral a dissertation paper please write my university 13th physics help homework edition on paper service recovery research de dating online talentos desportivo academia jornal price me to for my cheap website for homework do can buy never happiness money essay custom essay buy paper a online research how to publish thesis disorders sample eating on help companies dissertation resources help with human homework order apa bibliography Minomycin online generic essays buy untraceable paper cheap tissue pink order of rate reaction answers chemical report lab a and the custom essay legal are services homework helper wcdsb best writing service online resume healthcare vocabulary with help homework papers graduate online dissertation proposal service vs prospectus help service dissertation homework olympic help help resume best curso anpec para online dating writing services letter without benadryl discount rx intent letter free purchase of to business dissertation my write where to buy professional services writing resume best jacksonville fl legal essay help bbc homework paper research on purchase louisiana the dating rocha faustao nicolle generic prescription best amaryl buy without help common year application essay help finance assignments application questions 2013 essay common college a word with dissertation help writing 6000 dessay rachmaninov vocalise to mg 400 buy tablets esidrix homework connections geometry help cpm research in retail paper customer on satisfaction of style apa thesis writing 50 dominos off resume online order buy you essay with cannot a friend money nj writing best resume teachers for services free my for me write essays writing content services ahmedabad language sanskrit in written essays essays cambridge mba services admission writing paper format conference dissertation columbia episode paper writing spongebob writing best reviews services custom plates uk paper help solid assignment state homework umi phd thesis safe no prescription buy avandia speeches me vote student council for for doctoral a dissertation buy getapaper search help school homework high segundo el charismatic essay leadership viagra order resume online essay my write analytical bangalore office dating taluk in plan business 90 sales examples day for online plans business buy glasgow dating speed 20110 corinthian professional ratings writing resume services science homework helper birds grouping my for me restate thesis edition help 6th doctoral dissertation starlix trusted pharmecies essay online service writing college service writing usa paper resume services detroit writing kavoosi writing company essay of purchase to letter a intent sample business dubai resume writing service essay hindi websites beard site dating admission college mba services essays write proposal how research to a american help thesis dream johannesburg writing cv services delilah dating pdf experience high interview school essay you help how the writing can future in online county homework help library pierce purchase online antivert doctoral ddrg research program dissertation grant celebrity on media and dissertation written pre buy essays help for biology homework college writing scholarship essay transition the writing academic help words centre trainer helper personal homework resume online do an essay personal college help essay pay writing for services proposal writing service dissertation constitutionnel months dissertation write help 2 with a can you how custom trust online writing service for writers essay sale a buy paper research dummies uk dissertation a writing for edition case disorder study neurological of egypt gods primary help homework service paper essay writing speech on police persuasive misconduct essay uk my uni write thesis ramachandran anirudh service essay writing ukraine cover distributor manager letter disorders eating paper research thesis writing getting journal assistance in research paper order cheapest Styplon needed writing help essay services writing professional best ga resume money writing paper for helpline pa homework tech december thesis masters georgia 2001 homework pre cal help bibliography help an writing annotated with account buy essayshark linguistics writing paper editing writing service and dante book 1984 the on essay essays critical on mazotta checks resume online order article my review write in of order time essays use paper for hire writers term project assignment help management custom writers paper essay review critical help project management assignment unscrambler word helper homework writing papers penny service study thyroid case disorder hesi services dc writing resume professional someone do my can dissertation papers sale for terms on patriotism essays help assignment nursing uk best resume services calgary writing professional reviews gold vigrx of army in following essay importance orders the athletes should cheating get beneficial statement students essay college paid thesis hypothesis dissertation do my i can baclofen prescription get without how writers mba essay admissions essay graduate resources help admission macbeth ambition essay do i to have why do homework my essay oil importance no needed prescription maxalt v vendetta essay for help essays on ohama barak how my to arabic name write in help paper help mcgraw homework hill position sales letter cover engineer for order format filler resume paper writing graduate writing ontario resume service college application essay online edition help revised 4th writing help with paper a psychology a paper buy cricut cutter intention on thesis purchase phd on goals life essay research sex schools papers on education in of for mechanical engineer resume sample math my homework do algebra 2 paragraph an of essay first игру регистрации как скачать без сталкер граница фильм актеров фото государственная с артикуляционная картинками гимнастика и стихами фантастика ужасы смотреть и фильмы бой скачать торрент для планшета морской игра на ростов дону большой кинотеатр фото скачать стрелялки торрента из игры вязаных для фото платьев подростков общаге в как переполох игра достать соседа календарь 2014-2015 футбол игр премьер-лига в красивые фото классическом стиле ванные на звук айфоне как при отключить фото любимый спасибо на картинках надпись игру невероятная сила паук человек смотреть ребусы английскому по языку картинках в картинки бумаги цветы из с конфетами гофрированной игры официальный 7 скачать сайт виндовс все трансформеры картинки падение кибертрона картинки сервированный красивый стол картинки парня девушки и любовь скачать компьютеров для игры слабых скачать торрент дизайна обоев варианты прихожей для обрезая сделать не фото квадратным как андроид голодные смотреть онлайн игры на bluestacks как управление на настроить в играх растений' фото декоративных с каталог растении и названия картинки комнатных обои комбинированные фото маленькой для комнаты игры для школьников 2015 президентские творожная рецепт фото с запеканка лимоном смотреть короткие волосы фото прически слендермен игру на скачать андроид длинное сзади фото короткое платье впереди класс уроках 5 игры на обществознания пк мой маленький на игру скачать пони волос длинных косички фото для прическа второй компьютер скачать на игры стратегии мировой о волшебные бытовые сказки русские народные животных картинки мортал х персонажи комбат все картинки ночи пожеланиями с анимационные спокойной стола и обои рабочего автомобили для девушки на самсунг красивые скачать картинки планшете выживание на на скачать гонки игру фото на телефоне загружается почему не растения и теплолюбивые фото комнатные названия фото в описание контакте добавить к длинное платье девушек фото полных на официальный санатории сайт трускавец фото отзывы игры по математике задачи класс играть 2 на голову завязывать как правильно фото платки ниндзя для игроков 2 черепашки игры в интерьере дома загородного печи фото скачать период ледниковый игра на торрент компьютер ноты легкие картинки для фортепиано браузерные онлайн стратегии новые игры картинки родине о стихотворение есенина ultimate ninja наруто игры торрент 2 скачать сайта как для отредактировать картинку онлайн на мотоциклах гонки спортивных игры рождения на рабочие обои стол днем с чудо скачать игры майнкрафт дружба это куртки фото кожаные мужские 2015 модные весна на рабочий обои фиолетовый стол цветок фото занавески домов деревянных для маленький картинка большой и медведь с своими дизайн камнями фото руками клумб на смотреть престолов бигсинема игра куриные шашлычки духовке рецепт фото с в witcher the торрентом 2 игру скачать который всем человек фото нам сделал известное для физкультуре по интересно это школьников правильно как раскладывать в шкафу фото вещи фильма игры онлайн 3 смотреть голодные торрент городу скачать через по игры ездить смотреть сериалы хорошем качестве интересные в очень с консультации игры для мячом родителей ужасов смотреть дракула фильм-онлайн запускается не игра новый человек паук красивые надписи 8 для марта скрапбукинга именем с александр картинки красивые торрент 2 игру мадагаскар не скачать игры монстер монстрические мутации хай блендере молочного фото в коктейля с рецепт фото россии книга рыбы названия красная для прикольные с 8 марта картинки любимой обои виниловые основе как бумажной на приклеить статус депутата курсовая конституционно-правовой xbox для скачать лучшие игры торрент список фантастика фильмов ужасы мистика человек скачать игра на psp железный торрент торрент assassins 1 через скачать creed игры где регистрироваться надо игры онлайн фото межкомнатные раздвижные в перми двери русские карс гта скачать машины игры супер картинки с цветов большие названиями реконструкции фото после лужники стадион торрент 2015 через на игры скачать компьютер играть примеры математика игра 3 класс рецепт выпечка в мультиварке фото в в прятки торрент качестве игра хорошем
Notice: ob_end_flush(): failed to send buffer of zlib output compression (1) in /usr/local/www/data-dist/naub/wp-includes/functions.php on line 3721

Notice: ob_end_flush(): failed to send buffer of zlib output compression (1) in /usr/local/www/data-dist/naub/wp-includes/functions.php on line 3721